Organic Farming in India: Principles, Scope, and Market Potential

Organic Farming in India: Principles and Scope

Principles:

  1. Soil Health: Focus on maintaining soil fertility and structure through natural means such as composting and crop rotation.
  2. Biodiversity: Promote diversity of crops, animals, and beneficial insects to enhance ecosystem resilience.
  3. Non-Use of Synthetic Inputs: Avoid synthetic fertilizers, pesticides, and genetically modified organisms (GMOs), relying instead on natural inputs and biological control methods.
  4. Animal Welfare: Ensure humane treatment
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Organic Agriculture in India: Initiatives, Principles, and Market Potential

Initiatives Taken to Promote Organic Agriculture in India

Various government agencies, NGOs, and other organizations in India have taken initiatives to promote organic agriculture. Here are some examples:

Government Initiatives

  1. National Programme for Organic Production (NPOP): Established by the Government of India to implement organic certification and promote organic farming practices.
  2. Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY): A scheme under the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare that promotes
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The Instinctive Nature of Human Language: A Deep Dive

What is Instinct?

Instinct refers to an innate, inherent inclination or natural behavior that organisms possess without the need for learning or conscious thought. It is often associated with behaviors crucial for survival or reproduction.

Is Language Instinctive?

Chomsky’s Proposal

Noam Chomsky proposed the idea that language is instinctive around 60 years ago. This concept challenged the behaviorist view (B.F. Skinner, J.B. Watson) that language is entirely culturally learned.

Language as a Cognitive

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The CSI Effect: How Crime Shows Impact Justice & Forensic Science

The CSI Effect

What is the CSI Effect?

The CSI effect, also known as the CSI syndrome or CSI infection, refers to the exaggerated portrayal of forensic science on crime television. The term gained traction after the popularity of the long-running television show, CSI: Crime Scene Investigation. The CSI effect reflects prosecutors’ belief that crime programs are influencing jurors’ courtroom expectations, potentially making it harder to secure convictions.

This concept seems plausible considering CSI

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Bilingualism and Second Language Acquisition

Bilingualism

Definition

Bilingual: individuals or groups of people who obtain communicative skills, with various degrees of proficiency, in oral and/or written forms, in order to interact with speakers of one or more languages in a given society. Bilinguality encompasses both individual bilingualism and societal bilingualism.

Dimensions and Types

Bilingualism is a dynamic phenomenon with multiple dimensions.

Balanced vs. Dominant (Peal & Lambert)

  • Balanced: proficiency in both languages
  • Dominant: proficiency
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The Evolution of Capitalism: From Family Businesses to Modern Networks

This text explores the changes that capitalism has undergone in the last thirty years, drawing upon the opinions of several authors. It compares texts from the 1960s, which critique family capitalism, with texts from the 1990s, which acknowledge the emergence of large, planned organizations and hierarchies.

Objective Management in the 1960s and 1990s

In the 1960s, two major problems arose in relation to Objective Management:

  1. Strong dissatisfaction among “Cadres” (managers).
  2. Management problems linked
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