TEMA 5: SENSATION AND PERCEPTION: Thanks to our senses we are aware of what is going around us, which helps us to survive. We are constantly hearing sounds, seeing figures, tasting food, smelling aromas and feeling hot or cold. Sensiyat reaches our senses is made up of sensations and perception. Sensations are psycho-physical phenomena. They occur when our sensory organs are stimulated. Perception is the interpretation of the senations captured by our senses. Both are selective. Our perception makes

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The 4 cardinal points

  • North

  • South

  • East 

  • West

The continents

  • North America

  • South America

  • Europe

  • Africa

  • Asia

  • Antarctica

  • Oceania


  • True north: The geographic north point to which the Earth revolves. (the north pole).

  • Grid north: Noth based on the design of a map.

  • Magnetic North: The magnetic point of the north to which a compass points.


  • Topographic map: Show the shape of the earth´s surface using elevation contour lines, thanks to these maps we can know in detail the surface of a terrain.

  • Thematical map: Display

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opinion essay:An environment is the natural world that surrounds us. It is very important to keep it clean in order to live healthy and peaceful life. However, the environmental pollution has become one of the biggest threats for Earth. It can affect our future one day. People suffer from their own mistakes. Pollution endangers our existence and destroys our living environment. The future will either be green or not at all./////People are considered to be the most intelligent creatures

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HOBBES represents a compromise between two factions: rejects the theory of the divine rights of kings  and also rejects the eary democratic view , taken up by the Parliamentarians, that power outht to be shared between Parliament and king. He argues radically for his times, that political authority and obligation are based on the individual self-interests of members of society who are understood to be equal to one another, with no single individual invested with any essential authority to rule

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Market research process: Need for market research, define the problem, establish research question, determine research design, identify information types and sources, determine the methods of acessing data, design data collection forms, determine sample plan and size, collect data, analyze data, prepare and present the final research report

Market research, which includes 1. social and 2. opinion research, is the systematic gathering and interpretation of information about individuals or organizations

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ACCIDENTAL PROPERTY:quality that completes or perfects an object or being but is not essential ACCULTURATION:process by which the members of a culture incorporate the features of a different culture ANTHROPOCENTRISM:doctrine that positions human beings at the centre of philosophical reflection ANTHROPOLOGIC DUALISM:philosophical doctrine that claims that human beings are made up of two realities: body and mind. ANTHROPOMORPHISM:the attribution of human characteristics and properties to non-human

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