Imperialism and WW1


Bismarck’s Alliance systems were military alliances between Germany & the main European powers (Russia, Austria, Italy & UK) to isolate France.   

·European Balance broke after the Italian & German unifications. 

·2 stages in European international relations:  *1871 – 1890 bismarck’s alliance systems:  Secret military alliances to isolate France (who wanted revenge due to the loss of Alsace & Lorraine). 

*1891 – 1914 peace through strenght:

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imperialism,war and revolution

WWI devastated economic, social,political order of Europe. People at the time, overwhelmed by the size of the war’s battles and the number of casualties, simply called the Great War. The war was all the more disturbing to Europeans because it came after a period that many believed to have been an age of progress. 

(Causes)Nationalism, internal conflicts, and militarism all played a role in starting WWI. The growth of nationalism in 19c had many serious results. Competition for colonies/ trade

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Industrial Revolution

•Industrial revolution

-Began in UK -Started at the late 18th century, 1st I.R(1780-1870), 2nd I.R(1870-1914)  -Changed→~the way goods were produced (machines replaced manual labour) ~the way work was organized (factories, division of labour)  -Radically changed the economy and society, end of agrarian economy

•Why did the industrial revolution began in UK?

-Stable political situation and favourable economic system: economic liberalism -Agricultural revolution       -Population growth (

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Sin título 1

UNIT 9:  1. The origins of the cold war. 1.1. What was the cold war. The cold war was a period of permanently tense international relations between 1947 – 1991. At the time the world was divided into two opposing blocs, led by the United States and the Soviet Union. The Western Bloc: Countries had democratic political system and a capitalist economy. The Eastern Bloc: Countries had totalitarian Marxist political system and a centrally planned economy. Joseph Stalin (1878-1953): he became the leader

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A year after Charles IV came to the throne, the French Revolution began. Initially, Spain joined the international coalition against France. However, the French armies defeated Spain in 1795, and this led to a change of strategy by Godoy, Charles IV’s PM. He made an alliance with Napoleon against England, France’s main enemy. This way, the treaty of Fontainebleau (1807) allowed French troops to pass through Spain to invade Portugal, an ally of the British.


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the interwar period

Roaring Twenties term for Western society culture(1920). period of sustained economic prosperity/decade of great economic growth,widespread prosperity, driven by recovery from wartime devastation/postponed spending, a boom in construction.economy of US, boomed and provided loans for a European boom as well. some sectors were stagnant, especially farming,mining. US became richest country, augmented its status as the largest economy; its industry aligned to mass production, and its society embraced 

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