Comprehensive Guide to Microbiology, Health, and Disease


Microbiology is the study of microorganisms, which are single-celled or cell-cluster organisms. These microorganisms include bacteria, archaea, fungi, algae, protozoa, and helminths.

Common Micro-organisms of Microbiology

Microbiology encompasses a diverse group of microscopic organisms that exist as single cells, including bacteria, archaea, fungi, algae, protozoa, and helminths. Some specific examples include:

  • Moulds: Moulds such as Mucor, Rhizopus, Botrytis, Aspergillus, and Penicillium
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The Impact of Social Media on Mental Health

Option B: Social Media and Mental Health


  1. (c)
  2. (c)
  3. True. “There are several ways in which social media could be negatively affecting our mental health without us even realising.”
  4. False. “We speak about some of them openly, but we prefer to keep others to ourselves.”
  5. False. “Communicating and creating personal connections can be hard when we are only acquainted with our friends’ digital profiles.”
  6. True. “Why not consider giving yourself some time off social media every day?”


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10 Intriguing Facts About Global Issues: From Social Media to Substance Abuse

Elderly Spanish Couple Sleep in Park After Being Evicted

Answer Key

  1. (d)
  2. (b)
  3. True. “No one knew their whereabouts.”
  4. True. “Given the couple were over 65, they qualify as one of the groups at risk of exclusion.”
  5. False. “They had lived for over a decade.”
  6. False. “The two survived on the woman’s pension.”
  7. Dire. Risk
  8. Acronym. Afford.
    1. “I am exhausted because I have been walking for two hours now.”
    2. “My cousin was sleeping when his father turned the light on.”
    1. – “Michael is married to
    2. – “I am ashamed
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The Forbidden Ship

The Sea and the Sky

The sea and the sky are the same, the old man always said. At the time he had laughed, but looking out that morning—the cold sea-mist clinging to his naked torso—he knew the old man was right. The sea-mist transformed into an unbroken wall of sea-fog which possessed both sea and sky, morphing them into one.

The Stairs

They were cold beneath my feet. The sensation was a strange, unfamiliar combination. Those stairs were painted in a vain attempt to hide the gnarled, brown wood

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Psychiatric Care in Lithuania: Organization, Diagnosis, and Treatment

1. Organization of Psychiatry in Lithuania

Organization Levels:

  • Primary (Municipality Level): Primary personal and public mental health care.
  • Secondary (Country Level): Psychiatric hospitals supported by the country.
  • Tertiary (State Level): Institutes that provide education and training.

Team (for Mentally Ill Patients):

  • Psychiatrist for adults, addictions, kids
  • Medical psychologist
  • Mental health nurse
  • Social worker

Rights of the Psychiatrist:

  1. Outpatient support (primary health care)
  2. Inpatient support (in the
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The Socioeconomic Impact of Drug Abuse: A Comprehensive Analysis

The Socioeconomic Impact of Drug Abuse


Drug abuse has a profound impact on individuals, families, communities, and nations. It leads to a wide range of negative consequences, including:

Impact on Family

  • Instability in family relationships
  • Domestic violence
  • Crime-prone life
  • Reduced sense of belonging
  • Lack of social harmony and happiness

Impact on Education

  • Irregular attendance
  • Loss of concentration and learning ability
  • Negative impact on examination performance

Impact on Health

  • Physical and mental
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