Methods Naturalistic Observation – researcher collects information without the participant’s awareness · Advantages: Researcher does not influence the participant’s behavior, so it may be more representative than if people knew they were being watched·Disadvantages: Not everything can be observed in its natural environment, expensive. Structured Observation – researchers can set up a situation and observe that participant’s behavior·Advantages: Researcher has more control of the situation

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1.A person who can imagine many possible solutions to a problem, including some that might be „outside of the box“, best illustrates 

B- divergent thinking 

2. Per the class notes, intelligence is best defined as a(n)

A- ability to learn from experience and adapt to change.

3. The ability to learn a new computer software program is to ________ as knowledge of state 

    capitals is to _______.

B- fluid intelligence, crystallized intelligence 

4. Which of the following is not one of the dimensions

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Fixed mindsets = people who believe their intelligence is set in time, they think their intelligence is carved in stone and they wonder “if they have enough of it” Growth mindsets = people who believe their knowledge is always expanding and growing as they continue learning throughout their life. Scientific studies show that people with different learning styles perform better on an exam when presented one way or the other. If learning styles are limiting learning at all it’s because we believe/

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Chapter 4 Heredity and Environment
Heredity: all characteristics transmitted from parents to child.
Environment: all the surrondings forces that affects your life.
Both this factors start having an effect as soon as the first human cell is formed.
Chromosomes: almost all of the cells of the body contain tiny rod- shaped bodies.
Genes: each chromosome is composed of many smaller units. Are responsible for transmitting inherited traits from parents to children.
DNA: deoxyribonucleic acid. It gives special”
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Cognitive Development: Is the construction of the thought process, including remembering, problem solving, and decision-making, from childhood through adolescence to adulthood. (Piaget believes that cognitive development is universal, meaning that everyone matured in the same way, no matter what.– children all around the world, regardless of the culture they are in, or the way that their parents teach, the child will always say their first words around one year ALL AROUND THE WORLD) 
**Piaget also
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The sense of vision occupies a large space in
our brain , which is called the occipital cortex. We use the eyes to visualize
and then store information for later analysis. When we analyse information that
we see, we use our perception to extract meaning from what we see.  The perception model action explored the two
parts in our brain responsible for visual perception: the dorsal stream and the
ventral stream.  However, vision is not
only a biological process; it is also a form of social awareness and

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