The Civil War ended in the Basque Country in 1937, but would continue for two years in the remaining parts of the state loyal to the republic. During those two years, a strategy of state terror was applied to Basque Society.

It is estimated that about 25.000 Basques died during the war and those suspected of affiliation with republican ideologies were summarily executed.

To compound the sense of defeat and loss within the Basque Country, the new francoist state officialy branded Biscay and Gipuzcoa

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propaganda definition-the technique of influencing human action by the manipulation of representations. these representations may take spoken, written, pictorial or musical form.

difference between persuasion and propaganda-if the message benefits speaker is propaganda, if the message benefits speaker and audience is persuasion.

gliterring generality-associating something with a virtue word, used to make us accept and approve the thing without examining the evidence. this use is so pervasive that

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Q2. Define Jurisprudence and explain the various kinds of jurisprudence. (2003),(2002),

The word jurisprudence is derived form the latin word ” jurisprudential” which means knowledge of law or skill in the law. Jurisprudence is a study of the fundamental legal principles. It may described as any thought or writing about law. Jurisprudence is been classified into different branches according to their approaches.
Definition Of Jurisprudence:
According To Austin
” Jurisprudence is a philosophy

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Concepts of Criminal Procedure

Art 8 (privacy)Art 5(3) (detention)Art 6 (lawyer/imp compul)Art 6 (non-incrim)Art 6(1) & 3(d) (absent witness)Art 3 violate art 6 (evidence)Art 8 violate art 6 (evidence)

- interference by the state?

- reasonable expectation of privacy (Buck)

- reasonable suspicion

- right to lawyer triggered?

(Beuze 124, Salduz 54)

-right tampered with ?

Will dependent or independent evidence? (Van Weerelt 55)-was there a good reason? (Al-Khawaja 120-125)

measure fall within the scope of art. 3 ECHR? (Jalloh (§§67-

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In 1983, political economist NICHOLAS GARNHAM analyzed “Public Service versus the Market” for Screen, a British journal. He proposed two ways of organizing television. one in apparent decline, the other gaining currency at the hands of deregulation, conservative governments and the illusion of “choice” of commercial channels in the UK and cable satellite services. Graham defended the democratic value of PSB. Despite the paternalistic and elitist origins of the

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6. – Companies, Professionals, Structures and Institutions of Tourism Law 6.1 BUSINESSMEN AND ENTREPRENEURS IN SPAIN
Who is a businessman?
• A “single person or entity”
• who acts on his/her own behalf,
• in an organized and professional manner
• an economic activity

Article 1: “business persons” are:
(1) Those who, having the legal capacity to engage in business, do so habitually; (2) Business or industrial companies incorporated pursuant to this Code.

Types of businessman: Empresarios

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