Concepts of Criminal Procedure

Art 8 (privacy)Art 5(3) (detention)Art 6 (lawyer/imp compul)Art 6 (non-incrim)Art 6(1) & 3(d) (absent witness)Art 3 violate art 6 (evidence)Art 8 violate art 6 (evidence)

- interference by the state?

- reasonable expectation of privacy (Buck)

- reasonable suspicion

- right to lawyer triggered?

(Beuze 124, Salduz 54)

-right tampered with ?

Will dependent or independent evidence? (Van Weerelt 55)-was there a good reason? (Al-Khawaja 120-125)

measure fall within the scope of art. 3 ECHR? (Jalloh (§§67-

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In 1983, political economist NICHOLAS GARNHAM analyzed “Public Service versus the Market” for Screen, a British journal. He proposed two ways of organizing television. one in apparent decline, the other gaining currency at the hands of deregulation, conservative governments and the illusion of “choice” of commercial channels in the UK and cable satellite services. Graham defended the democratic value of PSB. Despite the paternalistic and elitist origins of the

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6. – Companies, Professionals, Structures and Institutions of Tourism Law 6.1 BUSINESSMEN AND ENTREPRENEURS IN SPAIN
Who is a businessman?
• A “single person or entity”
• who acts on his/her own behalf,
• in an organized and professional manner
• an economic activity

Article 1: “business persons” are:
(1) Those who, having the legal capacity to engage in business, do so habitually; (2) Business or industrial companies incorporated pursuant to this Code.

Types of businessman: Empresarios

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Army was the highest point in government from 1939 to 1945. From that moment on, progressively their importance was reduced in favour of civil servants. However, Franco always thanked the Army´s loyalty and militaries of the highest ranks were ministers, like Carrero Blanco.

Authoritarian groups supported Franco (Carlists, phalangists and catholics). Although they had different political ideologies, their common elements were opposition to democracy and territorial autonomy and defence of Spanish

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Basis of traffic engineering

1.Present the definition of traffic flow-intensity/road capacity/density/AADT/ADT.

  Volume/flow: The total number of vehicles that pass over a given point or section of a lane or roadway during a given time interval. It may be expressed in terms of annual, daily, hourly, or sub-hourly periods; usually in [v/h] or [v/d].

Volume is an actual number of vehicles observed or predicted to passing a point during a given interval.

Road capacity - The maximum traffic flow obtainable

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Vertical agreements are agreements concluded between firms which operate at different levels at different levels of the production and supply chain. Vertical agreements provide the links in the distribution chain from raw material to the final consumer.

Initially, the Commission took an extremely formalistic approach when determining whether vertical agreements infringed Article 101. This led to treatment of agreement by category and form, rather than by economic effect.

In 1996, the Commission issued

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