European EI

1.Free-Trade Area (FTA): 2 or more countries remove import duties in their mutual trade in all goods & maintain country-based tariffs against 3rd parties. 2. Custom Union (CU)
FTA + goods &/or services + a common external tariff (CET) against 3rd parties. (ECSC – Paris Treaty-only coal & steel) 3. Common Market (CM): Custom Union + 4 freedoms of movement (goods, services, capitals, workforce/citizens) (EEC – Rome Treaty!) 4. Economic & M1tary Union (EMU = EU + MU): EU = Common
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How did the production of goods change during the industrial revolution? 

Te driving forces of industrialization (factors)

Te industrial Revolution started in Great Britain in the mid-18th century.

-A political system in wich the power of the monarchy had been limited and the bourgeoisie had a lot of influence. 

-Population growth that had led to a rise in demand and an abundance of labour for the new factories

-An abundance of coal, wich became the main source of energy 

-An extensive transport

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Why was there imperial expansion?: European countries began to use their advanced economies, armies and technology to take over territories with no state organisation. Between 1870 and 1914, they created colonial empires, mainly in Africa and Asia.

  • ECONOMIC INTERESTS: Industrialised European countries were in search of new markets where they could sell their surplus products. They also wanted to obtain raw materials (coal, iron, cotton, rubber, etc.) and colonial products (sugar, chocolate, tea,
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Ancient India Unit

1. Explain how did geography affect early settlement in India?

In northern India, the Brahmaputra, the Ganges, and the Indus rivers carry rich silt from the mountains to the plains.  India’s early settlers farmed and later built walled settlements in the river valleys. This was the start of civilization in India.
In some parts of the Deccan Plateau in southern India, rich black soil is good for growing cotton.
The Eastern and Western Ghats are near India’s coasts.  The Western

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5.1:  1- Which natural rights did Locke think that all people had? The right to protect their life, health, liberty and freedom; the right to choose their government 2- Which country did the liberals think was a good example for European countries? Why? Give at least two reasons.The Declaration of Independence stated that. All men are created equal. All men have rights including life. liberty and the pursuit of happiness. Governments derive their just powers from the consent of the governed (popular

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  1. What was the consulate? Indicate its objectives and its main characteristics:

A period of autocratic and authoritarian ruled by Napoleon. 


  • Put an end to the political instability of the Revolution.

  • Consolidate some of the revolutionary principles 

  • Promote economy recovery through a government that represented the interest of the bourgeoisie.

Main characteristics:

  • He established a new Constitution on 1800, which did not include the separation of powers or a declaration of rights. 

  • Censorship

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