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Debenture
A debenture is a document containing a acknowledgment of debt. In other words, debenture is like certificate of loan or a loan bond, which evidences this fact that company is liable to pay a specified amount with interest. In fact, company raises money in form of loan through debentures. Although such money becomes a part of company’s capital structure, yet it does not become share capital.
Definition
Debentures can be defined as that document, which is issued by company to lender for borrowing
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G Y H

PHASES OF THE COLD WAR:

CONTAINMENT, IN MARCH 1947 THE US PRESIDENT HARRY S. TRUMAN ASKS CONGRESS TO SUPPORT THE GREEK GOVERNMENT AGAINST THE COMMUNISM IN THE GREEK CIVIL WAR. TO GET THE ECONOMY GOING AGAIN THE USA COMES UP WITH THE EUROPEAN RECOVERY PROGRAMME FOR EUROPE NICKNAMED THE MARSHALL PLAN. STALIN SETS UP THE COMMUNIST INFORMATION BUREAU.

PEACEFUL COEXISTENCE, IN 1953 STALIN DIES AND NIKITA COMES TO THE POWER IN THE SOVIET UNION. DURING THIS PERIOD THE LEADERS OF THE USSR, THE USA, UK AND

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Hiatoria

1.Characteristics of totalitarism

An authoritarian political system.  In this system, power was concentrated in the hands of the state, led by a charismatic leader who demanded blind obedience: Il Duce Mussolini in Italy, or the Führer Hitler in Germany. There was neither personal freedom nor political pluralism. There was only one party, which subdued any opposition violently. 

Economic and social control. The state directed the economy and declared itself anti-capitalist and anti-communist. Moreover,

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historia

Pag 142

The USSR

The New Economic Policy

Russia suffered human loss and material damage during the Russian Civil War. New Economic Policy (NEP) was an attempt to rebuild the economy.

The USSR: a new state

USSR (the Union of Socialist Soviet Republics) created in 1922as a federation of republics. Was a multi-national and multi-ethnic state.

Fist constitutionof the USSR was formulated in 1924, established the new political system:

1: Republics had autonomy in domestic policy, law, education, health. Could

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Civil war

The Civil War: Military uprising/The outbreak /Phases and evolution in both areas//Causes :Two theories: The war as a consequence of a fascist intervention( liberals and left parties) /The war as a defense of a segment of the Spanish society in order to protect the religion and to stop the advance of communism (conservative historians) /Democracy against Fascism/Nationalism against communism//The republic at war: -Azaña, overwhelmed by the coup, appointed José Giral as head of the government to

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SOLE TRADES

Is a business that is owned by one person.

So traders are often successful because they can offer better consumer services.

Many consumers they are prefer to meet the owner face-to-face and a sole trader has the advantages of being more involved with local people

PARTNERSHIP

In a partnership two or more people own and share the costs and risks of a business.

There are two types of partnerships: limited partnership and unlimited partnership.

In a limited partnership there are one or more sleeping

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Charles I will be the first king of a new dynasty, the Habsburgs.

Due to a very well programmed marriage policy Charles I will inherit a wide range of territories and he will also become emperor of the West.

Here you have a list and a map with the territories that he inherited.

-From his mother’s side:

-From Isabella, his grandmother: Castile, Navarre, Granada, Canary islands, some territories in North Africa and the new territories recently discovered in America.

-From Ferdinand, his grandfather: Crown

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Ppp

Participants in the economy 
Everyone who produces, consumes or distributes products participates in the economy. We can divide the participants into three types: households, businesses and the government
• A household is all of the people who live together. Normally a household is the same as a family. However, someone who lives by himself is a household, and so are friends who live together. • Businesses buy and sell goods and/or services. • The government includes central, regional and local
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SQL1 1

schema: 4 control processing/storage efficiency: *choice of indexes * file organizations 4 base tables& indexes  *data clustering // creating indexes *speed up random/sequential access 2 base table data.

select statement: select from where groupby having orderby

views: * provide users controlled access 2 tables * base table–table containing the raw data // dynamic view  a “virtual table” created upon request by a user * no data actually stored; instead data from base table made available

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The peace

The peace:Daily suffering and destruction: 8-10 million casualties and 600.000 wounded/Bankruptcy: only Japan and US got profits (gold stock and creditors)//CONFERENCE OF PARIS (1919-20):USA➧Wilson,Fourteen Points➧A new world based in democracy and nation/FRANCE➧ Clemenceau➧ Destroy Germany, Have back Alsace and Lorraine ,Creation of a buffer state in Renania➧UK➧Lloyd➧Balance/ITALY➧Orlando➧ Territories in the Dalmatian coast/JAPAN ➧Makino Nabouaki ➧Territories//Treaties of

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