Warehouse Management: A Comprehensive Guide to Optimization

The Need for Storage

Storage is a crucial aspect of a company’s logistics function. It’s essential for meeting demand and managing stock.

Industrial Enterprises

In industrial enterprises, there are two primary types of storage:

  • Raw Materials and Supplies Storage: This type of storage ensures a steady supply of materials, preventing production shutdowns due to shortages.
  • Finished Goods Storage: This warehouse stores finished products, enabling the company to meet unexpected demand.

Business Enterprises

Business enterprises utilize storage to manage potential supplier delays and prevent stockouts.

Storage Activities

Common storage activities include:

  • Unloading
  • Reception
  • Transfer to storage area
  • Picking (extracting demanded pallet units)
  • Consolidation
  • Dispatch
  • Loading

Warehouse Capacity

1 Ownership vs. Renting


Advantage: Flexibility; companies can easily relocate.


Advantage: Customization to specific needs.

Disadvantage: Requires finding a buyer when changing locations.

2 Capacity Management

While a warehouse’s internal layout is easily modifiable, its size significantly impacts long-term operations. Capacity needs fluctuate, demanding careful planning.

3 Capacity Calculation

Required capacity depends on the chosen organization, handling, and storage systems. Empirical studies suggest allocating two to three times the storage space required for each item.

Warehouse Location

After determining the necessary storage capacity and warehouse size, the next step is selecting the right location.

1 Location Selection Procedure

  1. Team Formation: Establish a team from relevant departments to oversee location selection.
  2. Criteria Definition: Define the criteria for evaluating potential locations and prioritize them.
  3. Location Search: Identify candidate locations based on the chosen criteria.
  4. Location Assessment: Gather and analyze quantitative (e.g., cost) and qualitative (e.g., work climate) data for each location.
  5. Location Selection: Choose the optimal location based on the analysis. Utilize models that consider various factors to determine the best fit.

2 Factors Influencing Location Choice

Location significantly impacts logistics management, affecting costs related to personnel, installation, transportation, delivery, and more. Consider these factors:

  • Distance to customers
  • Distance to suppliers
  • Warehouse type
  • Frequently used transportation methods
  • Accessibility
  • Land cost
  • Availability and characteristics of labor
  • Taxes and legal framework
  • Other relevant factors

Warehouse Layout and Design

1 Planning Considerations

Once the location is secured, the next step is designing the warehouse’s interior. Efficient space allocation is crucial, aiming for:

  • Maximum space utilization
  • Optimal product turnover
  • Flexibility in product placement
  • Easy inventory control

Single-story buildings are recommended. When determining the number and height of floors, consider:

  • Cost of land
  • Product flexibility
  • Columns
  • Ramps
  • Flooring

2 Warehouse Areas

Loading and Unloading Areas

These areas, with direct access for trucks and transport vehicles, serve as points for goods exchange. There are two options for setting them up:

  • Integrated: Integrating these areas within the warehouse allows for faster handling and is preferable when space is sufficient. Ensure they are level with the trucks.
  • Independent: Locate these areas outside the warehouse but within its vicinity.

Reception Area

The reception area should be separate to function as both a receiving and sorting point for incoming products. Processes in this area include:

  • Quality control
  • Classification

Storage Area

This area is dedicated solely to storage and requires appropriate facilities.

Picking Area

This area is essential when picking is done outside the storage area. Operators bring cargo units from different storage areas to this location.

Shipping Areas

. They are those for the packaging, if any of the selected orders in the areas of preparation described above, and in any case to the accumulation of goods that leave the store 6. Office area and services. It’s intended to house the precious material for the administrative management of the store ancillary services that will require both administrative staff and the operator. 7.Other specialized areas variosInstalaciones requeridasMuelles frigoríficasDevolucionesPalets Cameras: The opening space to the end of the warehouse where trucks or other transportation load and unload the goods. In a store may have one (the same for loading and unloading) or 2 (one for loading and another for downloading.) Shelving: Will be of different types depending on the type of merchandise. The structure is usually metal and pasillos.2.5.4. More empleadas.Diseño plant distributions in U. We use a single spring which serves both for inputs to outputs. Its main advantage is that the shipping and receiving areas are very straight próximas.Diseño In this case the springs are placed opposite each specializing in commodity and other input in the same output. It has many advantages over the former.