War of 1812: America’s Westward Expansion and Key Battles

America’s westward expansion was fueled by the Gold Rush, the Oregon Trail, and a belief in ‘manifest destiny.’ The War of 1812 was fought to continue this expansion at the expense of the Aboriginals. The movement of settlers into the American West was a key factor in the war.

Key Battles

  • Tippecanoe: Nov 7, 1811

    Burning of Aboriginal community, Prophet’s town, and Tecumseh’s fury. Ended in Stalemate.

  • Fort Detroit: Aug 1812

    British, Isaac Brock, and American, William Hull. Brock’s bluff led to the British capture of this strategic garrison.

  • Lake Erie: Sep 1813

    First Naval battle of the war. American Victory.

  • Battle of New Orleans: Jan 1815

    American victory. Took place immediately after the treaty of Ghent.

Key Figures

  • Isaac Brock

    Defender of Canada, British commander at key battles.

  • Tecumseh

    Aboriginal Leader during key battles. Died at the battle of Moravian town.

  • James Madison

    American president at the beginning of the War.

  • Andrew Jackson

    “Old Hickory” American General. Led the USA to defeating the Creek confederacy in early 1814, depriving Britain of their ally.