A sitcom is a funny TV series about the lives of fictional characters.

A documentary is a TV programme that documents real life events.

A makeover show is programme that helpes people change their lifestyle or image.

Game of Thrones is not a reality TV show.

You are what you eat is not a cookery show.

News is a show that reports world events as they unfold.

American Idol lis not a cartoon show.

QVC is not a TV drama.

Coronation Street is a soap opera.

Broadcast is a Word that is used tos ay when or where a TV programme is shown or transmitted on TV.

Fictional is a type of TV show when the story has benn invented by sometody and is not real is called.

Series is a show programme has different parts and one part is shown once a week for between 6 to 24 weeks.

Commercials is the advertisements that are show non televisión where businesses try to sell their products.

Episode is a each single part of a televisión series.

Comedies is fictional TV shows which are fnny and try to make people laugh.

Factual, is type of TV show which sohws real stories and situations and does not invent what is said or done.

Season when a TV series or show lasts for many years, all its parts in each year.

Rerun when a TV show is shown for a second or third time on televisión.

Season finale the name for the last episode in a season of a TV series.

Mini-series is a type of TV series which has been made to run for only one season and the story ends in the last episode.

Channel is the name for the place on televisión like BBC, CBS or CNN that show TV programmes.

Specials is the name for the extra episodes which TV series have for Christmas or Halloween.

Dramas is a fictional TV shows which are not funny and do not try to make people laugh.

Genres is a different way to say types when talking about a TV programme.

Long shot contains landscape but gives the viewer a more specific idea of setting. A long shot may show the viewers the building where the action will take place.

Medium shot Frames a subject’s head and cuts off around mid-chest.

Extreme long contains a large amount of landscape. It is often used at the beginning of a secene or a film to establish general location. This is also known as an establishing shot.

Close up contains just one carácter face. This enables viewers to understand the actor emotions and also allows them to feel empathy for the character

Full shot contains a complete view of the characters. From this shot, viewers can take in the costumes of characters and may also help to demonstrate the relationships between characters.

Stream close up shots contasins one part of a carácter face or other object. This technique is quite common in horror film. This type of shot creates an intense mood and provides interacion between the audience and the viewer.

Location manager Oversees the locations department and its staff, typically reporting directly to the production manager or assistant director 

Casting director chooses the actors and actresses for the charaters of the film.

Production manager  supervises the physical aspects of the production including personnel, technology, budget, and scheduling.

Executive Producer the person who provides the funding necessary to produce the program.

Producer purchases materials and services in the creation of a program.

Director the person whois in charge of the creative aspects of the program and interacts with the entire staff.

Head of department

1 assistant director assists the production manager and director. 

2 assistant director is the chief assistant of the 1st AD and helps carry out those tasks delegated to the 1st AD.

Director of photography is in charge of the look of the “frame” of the movie shots, hence the name “photography”.

Assistant camera is a member of a film crew‘s camera department whose primary responsibility is to maintain image sharpness on whatever subject or action is being filmed.

Gaffer is the head of the lighting department, responsible for the design of the lighting plan for a production.

Best boy is the chief assistant to the gaffer.

Sparks is an abrupt electrical discharge that occurs when a sufficiently high electric field creates an ionized, electrically conductive channel through a normally-insulating medium, often air or other gases or gas mixtures.

Clapper loader s part of a film crewwhose main functions are that of loading the raw film stock into camera magazines, operating the clapperboard (slate) at the beginning of each take, marking the actors as necessary, and maintaining all records and paperwork for the camera department.

Focus fuller  is a member of a film crew‘s camera department whose primary responsibility is to maintain image sharpness on whatever subject or action is being filmed.

Grip report to the key grip and are responsible for lifting heavy things and setting rigging points for lights.

Sound designer is in charge of the post-production sound of a movie.

Sound Recorder a mechanism that records sound tracks for sound motion pictures on a separate film from the picture film.

Boom first assistant sound, is responsible for utilising microphones on the end of boom poles held above actor’s heads during a scene to capture dialogue.

Production designer is responsible for creating the visual appearance of the film – settings, costumes, character makeup, all taken as a unit.

Art director reports to the production designer, and more directly oversees artists and craftspeople, such as the set designers, graphic artists, and illustrators who give form to the production design as it develops.

Special effects are illusions or visual tricks used in the film, television, theatre, video game and simulator industries to simulate the imagined events in a story or virtual world

Costume is responsible for all the clothing and costumes worn by all the actors that appear on screen. 

Prop formally known as (theatrical) property, is an object used on stage or on screen by actors during a performance or screen production.

Make up the person responsable for applying cosmetics to the talent face and body.

Editor The person responsable for putting the various pieces of the entire program together.

Dubbing editor is a post-production process used in filmmaking and video production in which additional or supplementary recordings are “mixed ” with original production sound to create the finished soundtrack. 

Ambient light the light already present in a scene, before any additional lighting is added.

Incident light light seen directly from a light source.

Reflected light light seen after having bounced off a Surface.

Colour temperatura a standard of measuring the characteristics of light, measured in kelvins.

Contras ratio the difference in brightness between the brightest White and the darkest black within an image.

18 Gray card a gray coloured card which reflects 18 of the light which falls upon it. Used as a reference to calibrate light meters and set exposure.

Ballast a device used to control the electrical current in a light.

Consoles hardware and software systems which control lighting. Operated by the lighting technician, consoles coordinate lighting displays on satages, studios, etc

Light meter a tool used to measure light and indicate the ideal wxposure setting. Also known as an exposure meter.

Reflector board A specially designed reflective surrace used to act as a secondary light source. The board is lightweight and flexible, and is normally folded up for transport in a semall carry case.

Gels Materials which are placed in front of a light source to alter it is characteristics e.g. color temperatura or dispersion

Spectrometer A profesional level instrument which measures the spectrum of light. Technically speaking, a spectrometer analyses the electromagnetic spectrum and measures the intensity of radiation as a function of wavelengh.

Stand clamps systems used to support lights and hold them in the correct position.

Key light the main light on the subject, providing most of the ilumination and contrast.

Fill light a light placed to the side of the subject to fill out shadows and balance the key light.

Back light a light placed at the rear of a subject to light from behind.

Hard light light directly from a source such as the sun, traveling undisturbed onto the subject being lit.

Soft light light which appears to wrap around the subjecto to some degree produces less shadows or softer shadows.

Spot a controlled, narrowly focused beam of light.

Flood a broad beam of light, less directional and intense tan a spot.

Tungsten light from an ordinary light bulb containing a thin coiled tungsten wire that becomes incandescent when an electric current is passed along it. Tungsten color temperatura isa round 2800k to 3400k.  Also known as incandescent light

Halogen type of lamp in which a tungsten filament is sealed in a clear capsule filled with a halogen gas.

Fresnel a light which has a lens with raised circular ridges on its outer Surface. The fresnel lens is used to focus the light beam.

Incandescent Incandescent lamps produce heat by heating.

Three point lighting refers to the classic use of at least three lighting elements to light a subject in a secene.

The key light is a lighting element that acts as the main light iluminating the subject. It can also be thought of as the brightest light on the subject.

The fill light is a second lighting element that iluminates the subject and fills in the shadows on the subject created by the key light. The amount of fill light use don the subject can créate a more dramatic or a softer, more romantic effect on the subject.

The Back light is a third lighting element that is aimed at the subject from behind them. It cast a light on the subjects hair and shoulder in order to keep the subject from blending into the background.

Tight shot a shot where the subject fills the whole frame

Head on shot a shot where the action cames directly at the camera.

Choker a tight close-up, usually only showing a subject face

Cutaway a shot that is related to the main action of the scene but briefly leaves it, such as an audience member reaction to a show.

Freeze frame A shot that results from repeating the same frame so the subject appears frozen.

Full shot A long shot that captures the subject entire body head to toe

Reaction shot a close shot of a carácter reacting to something off camera.

Cameo Shot a shot in which the subject is filmed against a black or neutral background.

Establishing shot a long shot that shows location and mood.

Flash a  very brief shot, often for shock effect.

Boom a shot filmed from a moving boom, incorporating different camera angles and levels.

Reverse angle shot a shot that is the opposite of the preceding shot such as two characters in conversation.


A horror film: a film that scares you

A science fiction film a film set in the future, ora n imaginary world and time

An action film a film with lots of chases, vilence and strong héroes

A comedy a film that makes you laught

A drama a film about human relationships and life

A thriller a film that keepes you excited

A period drama a drama set in a definite historical period

A romantic comedy a comedy that is also a love story

A psychological thriller a thriller that has a lot of suspense and fear

A film review a report about a film, usually with opinión

A film critic a person who writes film reviews

A film premiere the first time a film is shown in a country

A film star a famous actor from films

A film maker a person who makes films a film director

A film festival a special event when many different films are shown

A film buff someone with a very detailed knowledge of films.

A film goer somenone who regularly goes to the cinema.

Season a set of related episodes shown over one single period of weeks or months