614Meanwhile in the outermost plain the warlike Turnus

615followed few men of the wondering force, now slower

616and less and less happy with the approach of the horses

617The breeze brought this mixed shout to that man with

618blind terrors, the sound of the confused city and the

619joyless murmurs struck the ears, having been heightened.

620Alas! For me! Why are the walls distributed with so much grief?

621or what great clamor rushes from the far off city

622thus he speaks and he halts, distracted with the reins drawn up

623and his sister, turned into the appearance of his charioteer Metiscus

624as she was controlling the chariot and the horses and the reins

625replied to him with such words


626“Turnus let us follow the Trojans, in this way

627which the  first victory reveals the way; there are others who are able to defend

628their homes with their hand, Aeneas rushes on the Italians and stirs up

629the battles and let us send the fierce deaths on the Trojans with our hand

630You will leave neither inferior in number nor in honor of battle


631Turnus said to these words,

632“Oh sister, and I recognize you just now, when you

633you first disturbed the agreements through your skill and you gave yourself into

these wars

634and now the goddess in vain, you deceive. But who wanted you having

635been sent from Olympus to bear such great labors?

636Or that you might see the cruel death of your poor (miserable) brother?

637What should I do now? Or which fortune promises our safety now?

638I myself saw before my eyes Murranus calling me with his voice

639than whom no other more dear to me survives

640I saw enormous Murranus die and ( I saw Murranus conquered by an enormous


641Unhappy Ufens fell so he may not witness our shame

642The Trojans took his body and armor

643Should I endure the razing of our homes (the one thing left)?

644and not refute Drances’ words with my sword?

645Should I turn back and this country see fleeing Turnus?

646is it so bad to die? Oh be good to me you Shades

647since the gods above have turned their faces from me

648I will descend to you, a virtuous soul, innocent,

649of blame never unworthy of my great ancestors


650Scarcely, he has spoken these words; look! Saces flies through the middle of the

enemies having been carried

651on a foaming horse and the wounded towards the face

652by an arrow and he rushes begging Turnus by name

653“Turnus the last hope lies in you, pity your people”

654Aeneas terrorizes with arms (weapons) he threatens

655that he will burn the highest tower of the Italians and he will give (them) to


656and now the fires flies towards the homes. The Latins bring their faces on you and

their eyes on you

657the king, Latinus himself hesitates

658whom he may call son-in- law or towards which alliances he may turn himself

659moreover, the queen the most loyal to you

660she, herself killed with her right hand and terrified she fled the light

661Only Messapus and alert* Latinas* support the battles in front of the gates

662the dense phalanges stand around these men on both sides and

663a iron grain field bristles with swords drawn together

664you maneuver the chariot in deserted grass


665Turnus confused by the varied image of things, stood in awe

666and stood in silent expression; the shame burns

667in his heart alone and madness having been mixed with grief

668and love agitated by rage and conscious virtue

669First as the shadows having been dispelled and the light, having been returned to

the mind,

670he turned towards the walls with the burning orbs of his eyes

671and he looked back from the great wheels of the great city

672But look, the tornado was moving with flames towards the sky

673having been rolled between the boards it was holding the tower and

674himself the tower which he had placed with compacted timber (beams)

675and had placed under the wheels and had spread over the high bridges

676now the fates conquer now cease to delay sister


677“let us follow where god and where cruel Fortuna calls

678it remains to bring together the hand of Aeneas whatever there is of cruelty/


679it remains to suffer in death nor will you see me sister ashamed any longer

680I beg (you) allow me to rage before this madness”

681He said and he gave a jump out of the chariot more swiftly on the plains

682he rushes through the enemies through the weapons and deserts the morning sister

683with rapid speed, he breaks down through the middle of the lines (troops)


684and just as when a rock rushes down from the top of a

685mountain (then) having been torn apart by the wind whether the violent storm

686washes (it) or old age having been slipped away by the years loosed it;

687the destructive mountains brought into the abyss (depth) with great action/force

689and bounces back on the ground

690thus Turnus rushes through the military lines having been dispersed towards the

walls of the city

691when the great land is soaked by blood having been shed and the winds show pass

(hiss) with spears

692and signifies (he shows) with his hand and together begins with a great speech;


693now, Rutulians stop and you all Latin stop the spears

694whatever fortune there, it’s mine; it is more fitting to me to free the alliance


695on behalf of you all and to settle with a sword

696all deport and give surrender to the middle space

697But Father Aeneas having been heard with the name of Turnus

698he both deserts the walls and the tallest city walls

699and he throws down all delays, he breaks through all efforts

700jumping out of joy and he thunders horribly with the weapons:

701as great as Athos or as great as Eryx or as great as Father Apenninus

702himself, when he rages with his vibrating oak trees

703and he rejoices lifting himself with his snowy top towards the skies


704now indeed both the Rutulians and Trojans in rivalry and

705all the Italians turned their eyes and they who were holding the high walls

706and who were breaking inner part of the walls with a battering

707and they put down their arms from their shoulders. Latinus

708himself amazed that the huge men having been born from different parts of the


709came together among themselves and fought with a sword.

710and those men with a rapid speed go into war with

711the shield with spears having been thrown from a distance

712and with a resounding iron as the fields were opened

713in the vacant space. the earth gives a groan

714then they double their frequent blows with their swords and the army mixes into



715 and just as on huge Cilia or higher mountain ranges

716when two bulls run into hostile battles with

717their foreheads having been turned, the alarmed master’s withdrew

718the herd stands with all fear and cows mutter

719who may command the sacred forest whom the whole herd may follow

720the multiple wounds between that force itself

721and they having been pressed against each other their horns and the wounds bathe


722necks and shoulders in abundant blood, the cluster of trees bellow back every


723not otherwise, the Trojan Aeneas and the Daunian hero

724clashed their shields and the mighty crash filled the sky.


725Jupiter himself held up two evenly balanced scales before him

726and placed in them the diverse fates of the two

727to see whom the effort doomed with whose weight death sank down

728-755728Here, he, thinking he was safe, dashes out and Turnus stands up

729onto the sword, having been lifted with his big whole body,

730and he strikes; and the Trojans and nervous Latins exclaims

731and both battlelines are upright. But, the false sword broke to pieces

732and in the middle it deserted with a blazing hit

733the flight did not move in support. Euro fled swift when

734he caught sight of the strange hit and the defenseless right hand

735There is a rumor that when he climbs the horses, connected in the

736first battle, with the father’s sword, having been abandoned

737while, he is startled he had seized the weapon of the charioteer Metiscus.

738and it for a long time was sufficient while the Trojans were giving the wandering


739after it came into contact to the Volcani armors of god,

740the  mortal sword shattered just like the brittle ice with beat (on impact)

741the fragments glitter on the yellow sand

742therefore foolish Turnus aims for the plains on a different flight

743and now here, next here he encircles the uncertain circles

744in fact, on all sides the Trojans confined in a tight ring

745not at all (not less) Aeneas follows although the Aeneas having been slowed by

the arrow

747at times, the knees hampers and refuse speed,

748and the one urges forward, the foot of the terrified one by foot

749just as if at anytime the hunter dog came across the stag having been

obtained a deer

750trapped by a river or enclosed by fear of a purple feather
751presses in with pursuit and with braking moreover that (deer) terrified

752by snares and by a steep river bank flees and flees again a thousand ways  

but the lively Umbrian

753clings on (his jaws) gaping now and again

754he has (him) and similar to one holding he snapped with his jaws

755and he was eluded by an empty bite ‘


756then indeed a shout rose up and the river banks and lakes around (them) and

replies the sky thunders with all commotion.

757That man at the same time fleeing

758at the same time he protests against all the Rutulians

759calling any by name and he demands the notorious sword

760Aeneas, in person threatens death and destruction against

761if anyone approaches and frightens the trembling man

762threatening that he will destroy cities  and wounded presses on.

763They complete five circles by running  just as many times they reverse here and

to that place

764neither  light or unimportant rewards  

765are being sought but they fight on account for the life and blood of Turnus

766By chance, the olive tree sacred to Faunus bitter leaves had stood here, once the


767revered by sailors, having been rescued

768from the waves when they used to be accustomed to hang up offerings

769for the divine Laurentiis and to suspend the clothing having been promised


770but the Trojans had lifted up the sacred tree with no distinction

771so that they might be able to unite in the clear fields

772Here the spear of Aeneas was standing here, the attack had brought down that


773having been fixed and it was holding from the sticky base

774he pressed and Turnus wanted to destroy the weapon with his hand

775and to follow with a  weapon, which he was not able to catch by running

776then  crazy Turnus with fear

777“Faunus I pray you, pity me and you the greatest earth

778hold the spear if I have always cared for your honors

779which the Trojans made profane in war

780he said, “on the other hand and he called the power of god into the vows not in



781and indeed Aeneas struggling for  a long time and delayed on the clinging root

782was hardly strong enough to pluck out the spear from the bite

783while he struggles eagerly and worked hard at

784she runs forward  having been changed back into the form of charioteer

785Metiscus and the Daunian goddess gives the sword to her brother

786Venus annoyed that this was permitted to the audacious nymph

787approached and she pulled out the spear from the deep root.

788those lofty men having been restored in their weapons and spirits

789this one trusting in his sword, this one fierce and tall with his spear

790stand, panting facing the contest of warfare


791Meanwhile the king of all powerful Olympus speaks to Juno,

792watching the fights from the golden cloud:

793‘Spouse, what will be the end now? What remains at last?

794You, yourself know and admit to know that native Aeneas

795Was destined to heaven and to be lifted towards the stars by the fates.

796What are you planning? With hope do you remain on the frosty clouds?

797Was it anting the deity be violated by the mortal wound?

798(For what would Juturna be able to do without you?)

799or was it fitting for the snatched sword to be returned to increase his power to

those having been conquered


800 Now, at last give up and be influenced by our requests

801may the pain, so great not consume you, silent, and the sad cares

802may not be recurring from your sweet mouth to me often

803It has come to an end. You have been able to harass the Trojans

804on either land or sea, to incite unspeakable war,

805to wreck a household and to mix marriages with grief:

806I forbid you from attempting anything further.’ Thus Jupiter began;

807thus the Saturnian goddess spoke in response with face lowered:

808‘Indeed because your will is known to me, great Jupiter,

809I unwillingly leave behind the earth and Turnus;


810nor else would you see me alone in my lofty chair

811suffering worthy and unworthy things, but I would stand

812on the battlefield itself girded with flames and I would draw the Teucrians into

hostile battle.

813I admit it, I persuaded Juturna to go to her miserable brother

814and I urged her to dare great things on behalf of his life,

815not nevertheless so that she would fight with spear or bow;

816I swear by the inexorable fountain head of the river Styx

818which is the one superstition having been restored to the gods above.

819I beseech you this, for Latium, for the greatness of yours

820which is being held by no law of fate:


821When they put together peace with happy marriages (let it be so),

822 when they will join laws and treaties

823 do not order the native Latins to change their ancient name

824 nor to become Trojans and to be called Trojans

825Or for the men to change their voice or to alter their clothing.

826 Let Latium be, let the Alban kings be through the ages,

827 let Roman offspring be powerful with Italian virtue:

828 It died, and may you allow that Troy has died together with its name.’


829smiling at her the creator of humans and all affairs:

830 ‘you are the sister of Jupiter and the other offspring of Saturn,

831 You who turn such great waves of anger beneath your heart.

832 but come on and let down your rage having begun in vain:

833I give what you want and I, both willingly and having been conquered, give myself.

834 The Ausonians will have their native customs and languages

835 and the name will be as it is; The Trojans, integrated with the mass

836 will settle down so greatly.

837 I may insert custom and a rite of a holy object and I will give all the Latins one language.

838 from there a race will rise which has been mixed with Ausonian blood,

839 you will see that the race will go beyond men, beyond the gods with impiety,

840 Nor the people will celebrate your honors equally.’


841 Juno nodded to these things and having rejoiced changed her mind

842 Meanwhile she departs from the sky and she leaves behind the clouds.

843with these things having been done, the creator himself thinks another plan

844and he prepares to send Juturna away from the arms of her brother.

845The twin plagues are called with the name Dirae,

846whom, also the dead of night bore Tartarean Megaera and

847at one the same birth, the (night) bound the babies

848with equal coils of serpents and added swift wings.

849and these women appeared at the throne of Jupiter.

850 and sharpen the fear in sickly mortals

851 if when the king of the gods exerts horrendous grief and diseases

852 or terrifies the guilty cities with war


853 he sends down the fast one of the goddesses from the highest heaven

854 and ordered her to meet Juturna about an omen

855 that fury flies and is being brought to the land by a swift whirlwind

856 A Parinthian- a Parinthina or a Cydonian, hurled an incurable dart just as  

857 an arrow having been propelled through a cloud from a bowstring

858which (is) armed with the bitterness of a savage poison

859 hissing and distinguished, (it) passes through the swift shadows

860 like this, she, having been born from the night lifted herself and sought the lands


861 Afterwards she sees the Trojans and the formations of Turnus,

862 suddenly having been compressed into the appearance of the small bird.

863 which sometimes, sitting on the tombs or on the deserted rooftops

864 late at night, ill omened, hoots through the shadows,

865 the plague having been turned into this form, both brings and brings back herself

866 in front of the face of Turnus and hooting, beats the shield with her wings.

867 A strange numbness weakens his limbs with fear to that man

868and his hair, raised with horror, and the voice struck in his throat.

869 -878

869 But at the same time, just as she recognized the shrill sound and the wings of the fury

870 Unhappy Juturna tore out her freed hair, having been loosened

871 By her fingernails and the sister, disfiguring her face and chest with her fists

872Now, Turnus, what is your sister able to help you with?

873 Or what now overcomes stubborn me? With what skills may

874 I delay the light for you? Am I able to oppose myself to such a monster?

875 At last I leave the the battle. Do not terrify me, fearing

876indecent birds I recognize the lethal sounds and strokes of the wings

877Above, [the wings], having been ordered, fall for

878 magnificent Jupiter. He sets back these things for [my] virginity?

879Why does he give eternal life? Why has the contract of death taken away

880from her? Now certainly, if only I were able to to limit the same pain and

881[if only I were able to be] the companion to go through the shadows to the misery of my brother!

882Why am I immortal? And will there be anything of mine to be sweet to me without you, brother?

883 Oh which lowest Earth parts enough for me!

884 and what sends the goddess towards the lowest remains?

885 the leader, lamenting so greatly, hid many things having spoken with a grey green cloak

886 and the goddess established herself on the high stream

887 and Aeneas threatens against and he, mighty, brandished the weapon of the trees

888 and this he says with a fierce heart:


889“Then what now is the delay? Or why now, Turnus, are you reluctant?

890Not by running, it must be fought with savage weapons hand to hand

891turn yourself into all appearances and draw together whatever thing(s)

892you are strong whether in your spirits or from your skill,

893desire to chase the high stars by wings and to keep yourself enclosed in the hollow earth”

894He (Turnus), shaking his head: “your seething words do not scare me,

895fierce one, the gods and enemy Jupiter frighten me.


896 Nor having spoken more things he inspects the enormous stone

897 the ancient huge rock, having been placed in the field as a boundary

898 which by chance was lying on the field, so that it might decide the dispute in the fields.

899 Twelve chosen men could barely support on the neck


900 men of such physique as the earth now produces

901 that man, rising up high and excited as a hero on his course,

902 was attempting to hurl with his trembling hand against the enemy

903 but he did not recognize himself, neither running nor going

904 or raising or moving the enormous rock with his hand

SUMMARY: Turnus feels like he’s having an out of body experience due to the intervention of the Fury. He sees himself running and picking up the rock.


905 His knees gave way, his blood was frozen cold

906 The stone itself, whirled by the hero through the empty space

907 failed to travel the whole distance or drive home with force.

908 just as in sleep when the serene rest closed the eyes

909 in the night


909 in vain, we seem to wish to stretch out eager steps and

910 we fall in the middle of the weak attempts

911 our tongue is not strong nor the voices sufficient to learn

912 by the known body neither the words nor voice follows

913 thus the dire goddess denies the success to Turnus and

914 wherever he sought the path with virtue


914 then, the various senses changed in the heart

915 he looks at the Rutulians and the city

916 and he had hesitated towards the city with anxiety

917 neither by any means he himself pulls out nor he extends with power towards the enemies

918 neither he sees anywhere the charioteer sister or chariot

919 Aeneas brandishing the fatal spear for the delaying Turnus


920 Aeneas selecting fortune with his eyes and at a long range he hurls the spear with all

921 his body. Thus the stones, having been hurled from the wall-destroying catapult

922 never resound nor have such great loud noises

923 burst from thunder. Carrying cruel destruction, the spear

924 flies like a black whirlwind and open

925 the edges of his breastplate


925 and tears out the bottom of the seven layered shield;

926 hissing it pierces through the middle of the thigh. Mighty Turnus, having been hit,

927 fell towards the ground with bent knees.

Notes: The spear goes through all all 7 layers of Turnus’ shield, striking him in the thigh. Huge contrast compared to Turnus throwing the stone

SUMMARY:  It hits Turnus and he falls to the ground.