Rationalism Vs. Romanticism:Reason/Emotion, Reality/ Fantasy, Mundane/ Exotic,  Conservative/Revolutionary. The romantic journey is to the countryside, The Romantics associated the country with independence, moral clartity and purity, The gothic romantic E. A. Poe, saw the country as a phantasmagonic place, Irving saw the country as idyllic and as a scape

Romantic escapism: Romanticism focused on simple nature beauties, Romantics saw God in the contemplation, Romantic writing looked for exotic settings from the past, Romantics believed in contemplating, or becoming one with the natural world. What is Romanticism The term disegrates a literary and philosophical theory that tends to see the individual at the centre of all life, and it places the individual at the center of art.Romanticism: Abandonment of the exotic settings from the past-Romantics believed in contemplating or becoming one with the natural world-Abandonment of the heroic couple in favour of blank sense, the sonnet and experimental verse forms-Dropping of the conventional poetic diction in favour of fresher language and bolder figures-Idealization of rural life (Goldsmith)-Enthusiasm for the uncivilised or “natural”-Interest in human rights-Sympathy with animal life-Sentimental melancholy-Emotional psychology (fiction)-Gothic Romance-Imitation of popular ballads-Interest in mythology DARK ROMANTICISM Often conflicted with romanticism, It is a literary subgenre. It has been suggested that Dark romantics present individuals as prane to sin and self-destruction, not as inherently possessing divinity and wisdom. Whereas transcendentalists advocate social reform when appropriate, warksof? Dark Romanticism frequently show unevidences failing in their attempts to make changed fot the better. 

Initiation story. Concept :coming of age= waking up to experience, to life, discovering something, Santa Claus for example. When you grow up and start questioning your parents. Tentative discovery. And one day you catch your parents setting the presents under the Christmas tree. In literary criticism. Bildungsroman, a novel of formation, novel of education, or coming-of-age story (though it may also be known as a subset of the coming-of-age story) is a literary genre that focuses on the psychological and moral growth of the protagonist from early youth to adulthood (coming of age), and in which therefore, character change is extremely important. It DOESN’T happens suddenly, that is the pain, not prepared for that. This one is Kind of chronological as it cover the whole process. This is not like discovering your parents are Santa’s.

Homiletic theory:“Reading and explication” -> of a biblical text “statemnt of doctrine” -> teaching what we are going to extract from the text “reasons” -> why you have to fulfill the doctrine “uses” or “aplications”->  how to apply this doctrine to your life Explication (the sameway with differents word) vs.Exploration (Giving reasons)

Critical approaches to literature >Intrinsic: (formalist) it only takes into consideration elements that appear in the text:  (tone, point of view, etc) >Extrinsic: In order to approach the text critically we take into the consideration external elements it can be: psychologycal, biographical, historical, sociological (when the text was written, under which circumstances, where, who wrote it, etc

Establishment of American Literature: The creation of the secure public value for the work so received. Popular fiction written by woman: Sudden advert, (1850`s) of a group of novels written by women sales of unprecedented dimensions. (Mrs. Southworth, Caroline Lee Hentz, Mary Jane Holmes.Best-sellers. They were successful because they spoke so directly and comprehensively to the new world created for woman and for family life with the institution of new middle-class norms of domestic propriety, Entertainment of domestic leisure, Helped organize the world of domestic leisure into a market authors could regularly trade on.- Two factors in the mid-nineteenth century: 1 Women`s writing 2 A middle class domestic audience. That helped crystallize both the circle of readers and the reading and habits by which the great bulk of literary production was consumed in later 19th century America.The most widely read writers of the post-civil war decades (domestic writers): Mrs. Southworth, Caroline Lee Hentz, Mary Jane Holmes. The domestic establishment of American literature implies an ongoing literary audience on a mass scale. 1840`s: the appearance of the “penny-press” (mass journalism) a kind of newspaper that published fiction in place of news. 1850`s :1. first into the story papers 2.then into the mass-produced cheap book (Dime novel)