Business Economics

Economic investment: acquisition of productive assets (productive capital of the company) to produce other goods. Financial investment: Purchase of securities (stocks, bonds, etc) by an investor in order to obtain an income in the future. Investment Operating are made ​​by the company to acquire the elements necessary for its production process (raw materials, components, goods, fuels, etc). are thus periodically renewed investments and recover short term. Investment or permanent structural are made ​​to purchase goods that will be used by the company for an extended period of time (buildings, machinery, transport fleet, etc.) therefore denominated investments are treated permanent. The net Cash flow is the net accumulation of liquid assets in a given period and, therefore, is an important indicator of the liquidity of a company. amortization excretion is economic depreciation. Redeem a good means to quantify the depreciation, ie the party refljar of a total value consumed well over a period of time. The recovery of iverciones: Considering the depreciation as a cost over each period, this is incorporated automatically the cost price of the goods and recover from their sale and collection to clientes.De Thus, it is slowly recovering investment in his day did the company. the company’s financial structure: This structure is important to maintain an adequate ratio between debt and equity, so as to ensure the financial stability of the company and it is recommended that the debts do not exceed 50% of total resources, ie borrowed funds are not over equity. enlargement of capital. is to obtain new funds from new partners, issuing new shares, which can also be transferred from reserves. Dae capital enlargement should be formalized in writing, indicating all the details, and registration in the commercial register. Concept of self-financing: This consists of retained earnings that are retained in the company to finance the expansion or maintenance of activity. That is, are funds that the company gets on its own without having to resort to financial institutions (debt) or to solicit new contributions to their partners (capital increase). Self-financing of enrichment, are retained earnings as reservas.las recevable may be (legal, statutory, voluntary. The reserves represent an increase in the ompany’s own funds and constitute new resources to fund its growth and expansion investments. self-financing of enrichment: includes allocations of funds the company spent annually COMPESA to wear your equipment or cost forecasting purposes and future risks.Habitability commercial credit the company does not pay cash commodity goods that I supply them with their suppliers. The deferred amounts, in fact, to obtain a loan from the suppliers for the duration of the aplazamiento.los Suppliers get so guarantees the solvency of the company and the trust of its customers. Concept of trade discount . The receivables can be converted into money before the date of payment. When companies need liquidity rather than wait for the expiration of a letter, peuden take the opportunity offered by banks to advance money through discounting ddel. Factoring. It consists of a specialized company, partnership factiri, charge of collecting the receivables from other companies: this way, a company that has drafts or bills receivable t need cash can sell before maturity to a company factoting for this will charge. the leasing.tipos is a form of financing medium and long term (usually lasting between 2 and 5 years) as it allows use of property without the need for equity or go to a crédito.exiten two ways: l.financiero, l. OS). borrowings. The loan funding is a form reserved for large enterprises. when this requires large amounts of money. To arrange the loan, divide the total amount of money needed in small amounts and issues securities equal to that valor.estos titles are called bonds, pagares.etc. The average period of maturation is obtained by the sum of the four subperiods analyzed, namely: PMM = PMA + FAQ + PMV + PMC. LIFE CYCLE OF A PRODUCT. Model that provides the sales of a product go through four stages since it was launched on the market until it disappears: introduction, growth, maturity and decline . The model also establishes the relationship of sales and profits dobtenidos the response of competitors. DEFINING THE FUNCTIONS OF PLANNING AND CONTROL DIRECTIVES. Planning, is to determine in advance that you achieved in the future, as will be’ve accomplished and what are the resources that will be used to lograrlo.Control: lors is to compare actual results with identifying deviations if any and set the correct way. A origograma is a graphical representation of the company’s organizational structure, which shows different organizational units and relations between them, allowing to know at a glance and quickly hierarchical relationships and dependencies between different departments and groups of business activities.