ISO 14001:2015 is an environmental management system (EMS) standard that outlines requirements for an organization’s EMS. It helps organizations to manage their environmental responsibilities in a systematic and proactive way. The standard specifies the requirements for an organization’s EMS and provides a framework for establishing and maintaining an EMS.

Scope: Helps achieve intendent outcomes of EMS, considers “life cycle perspective”

defines the scope of the EMS and specifies any exclusions from the EMS.

Normative references: Lists additional requirements that needs to be considered to maintain same numbering scheme with all other management systems.

This section lists the standards and other documents in the ISO 14001:2015 standard.

Terms and definitions: This section provides definitions of terms and concepts used in the ISO 14001:2015 standard.

Context of the organization: Identifies interested parties relevant to EMS (customers, communities, suppliers, organizations). Determines their needs and expectations. Establishes maintains and improves EMS according to standards. Identify its internal and external issues that are relevant to its EMS.

Leadership and commitment: This section requires the organization to demonstrate leadership and commitment to the EMS by establishing policies, objectives, and targets.

Planning: Focuses on how organizations plans to address risks and opportunities.

This section requires the organization to plan for the implementation, maintenance, and improvement of the EMS.

Support: Execution of plans and processes to enable organizations to meet EMS. Determines needed competence of people to perform and that they receive training. Needs to make sure that people are aware of EMS policies and how they work may impact it.  

Operation: This section requires the organization to identify and control its environmental aspects and to comply with legal and other requirements.

2.ISO 45001:2019 is an occupational health and safety (OH&S) management system (5-10 same as EMS)

Scope: Provide safe healthy workplace, prevent injuries, monitor OHS performance, eliminate risks, achieve objectives.

Normative references: No normative references

Terms and definitions: This section provides definitions of terms and concepts with explanations to prevent confusion for information clarity.

Context of the organization: Understanding of organization context, needs and expectations of workers. Determines scope of health and safety systems.

Leadership and commitment: Take responsibility and accountability for prevention of injuries on work provision of save an healthy environment. Continual improvement. Ensure that OHS system is integrated n the business processes. Promote communication internally and externally. Protect workers when reporting incidents, hazards, and risks. Provide support for safety committees. Sets roles responsibilities

Support: Ensuring resources, competences of workers, awareness, communications and documentation of information.

Operation: Operational planning and control of safety and health protocols. Emergency preparedness in case of hazardous or dangerous situations.

Performance evaluation: Monitoring, analysis and evaluation of company performance based on OHS system. Internal audits to address performance and make competent evaluations. Management review of received information gathered by performance evaluation and analysis.

Improvement: Nonconformity and corrective actions to fix the occurring issues. Continual improvement towards complete removal of problems regarding health and safety.

3.Quality tools. – 95% of management problems can be solved with 7 tools

Check Sheet – data collection, reflects the frequency of occurrence

Histogram – data analysis, Graphical representation of the frequency distribution of numerical data

Pareto Analysis – setting priorities, identify some of the important causes that make up the predominant part of quality loss

Fishbone Diagram – problem identification, Identification, and analysis of the possible cause of a specific problem

Scatter Diagram – data analysis, Relationship between two variables.

Flowchart – Illustrated representation Control Chart – data analysis, identify process variations and the corrective actions to be taken.

LEAN is a business strategy based on the idea to satisfy the customers’ needs, offering the goods and services that are necessary. Minimizing waste and maximizing efficiency. 90% culture 10% tools. Lean is long-term, matures organization. Advantages: secure work env, lower losses, stable work, reliable equip, hq production.

Rules: Produce only what is needed and when it is needed. Prevent repetition of errors if they are detected. All empl must improve quality of product and process

Motivation: improve customer service, improve company perf against competitors, reduce costs, prepare for business development

Reduces impact of Internal factors: • shortcomings in strategically important processes for the company; • employee overload and decreased motivation • expansion of the company’s operations, as a result of which an increase in volume is planned.

External factors: • Product / service standards • For the customer not only the essential quality of receipt but also the speed; • Competitors are able to provide a product / service faster and with better quality.