Art history

Standard of Ur page 24-25

Artist: Unknown

Period Early Dynastic

Dates 2400-2600 

Origin Iraq

Historical Significance: this piece is an early example of historical storytelling, it displays agriculture, trade, and the spoils of war. The standard of ur was found in a royal tomb

Victory Stele of Naram-Sin

Artist:  Unknown

Period Mesopotamian

Dates 2254-2218

Origin Iraq

Historical Significance: the limestone piece displayshierarchy of scale as Naram-sin climbs a mountain to heaven after defeating his enemy’s

Ishtar Gate 

Artist:  Unknown

Period Neo Babylonian 

Dates 562-604

Origin Babylonian Iraq

Historical Significance: is one of the city’s most important monuments were built from blue glazed brick. The ached design isembroidered with animals. The gate was constructed the city was restored to its former greatness

Palette of King Narmer

Artist:  Unknown

Period Predynastic

Dates 3000

Origin Egypt

Historical Significance: One of the earliest surviving labeled work in art history. The front depicts Narmer wearing the crown of lower Egypt reviewing the severed heads of enemies. Two animals with intertwining necks symbolize a united kingdom. The back shows Narmer now wearing the crown of upper Egypt while he stays a captured enemy

Khafre Enthroned

Artist: Unknown

Period Predynastic

Dates 2520-2494

Origin Gizeh Egypt

Historical Significance: the stone statue meant to display the body of a perfect ruler in eternal stillness that was deemed appropriate for the afterlife

Hatshepsuts’s Mortuary Temple

Artist: Unknown

Period Dynastic

Dates 1473-1458

Origin Deir el-Bahri Egypt 

Historical Significance: Hatshepsuts was the first great female monarch. Her temple is decorated with extensive series of painted reliefs recounting her divine birth, coronation, and great deeds.

Doryphoros (Spear Bearer)

Artist:  Polykleitos

Period high Classical

Dates 450

Origin Italy

Historical Significance: One of the earliest sculptures that displayed human movements and cross balancing throughout all parts of the body

Dying Gaul

Artist: Epigonos

Period Hellenistic

Dates 230

Origin Rome

Historical Significance: Made in victory showing a wounded man on his shield

Venus de Milo

Artist:  Alexandros

Period Hellenistic

Dates 150

Origin Melos Greece

Historical Significance: marble statue of Aphrodite exposing her chest while undressing in order to show the overtly sexual female form


Artist:  Phidias

Period high classical

Dates 447

Origin Athens Greece

Historical Significance:lavishly decorated with statues and built with mathematical precision in its harmonious design and shallow dome structure

Head of the Elderly Patrician

Artist: Unknown

Period Veristic

Dates 500

Origin Osimo Italy

Historical Significance: Striking realism showing every detail including wrinkles and folds of skin that come with old age

Column of Trajan

Artist:  Apolodorus

Period high imperial

Dates 112

Origin Rome

Historical Significance: the 128 ft. Tower was created to honor emperor Trajan’s successes tells the story of the Dacian wars in 150 episodes. Depicting campaigns, battles, reliefs, and sacrifices

The Pantheon

Artist: Hadrian

Period high imperial

Dates 118

Origin Rome

Historical Significance: A concrete temple of the gods has the ancientworld’s largest dome surrounded by decretivepanels made to represent the savory heavens

Arch of Constantine

Artist:  Constantine

Period Late imperial

Dates 312

Origin Rome

Historical Significance: Panels represent victory and success of an emperor

Christ as good shepherd

Artist:  Unknown

Period early Christian

Dates 425

Origin Ravenna

Historical Significance: Mosaic featuring Jesus robed in gold and purple among his flock with a realistic landscape and shadows rooted with naturalist and classical traditions 

Hagia Sophia

Artist:  Anthemius

Period early byzantine

Dates 532

Origin Constantinople

Historical Significance: Pendentive construction using domes, standing structure of religion. Reaching up to the heavens

Justinian, Bishop Maximus, and attendants

Artist:  Unknown

Period Byzantine

Dates 547

Origin Ravenna

Historical Significance: Mosaic revealing new byzantine aestheticdisplaying the religious and authority of the emperor with purple robe and halo

Dome of the Rock

Artist:  abd al-Malik

Period Islamic

Dates 687

Origin Jerusalem

Historical Significance: marks triumph of Islam and Jerusalem. Towering gold colored dome is a sacred space for Christians, Jews, and Muslims


Artist:  unknown

Period  islamic

Dates 1354

Origin Iran

Historical Significance: masterpiece of Iranian tilework including calligraphy of Koran prayers capable of being seen even while kneeling


Artist:  Unknow

Period Romanesque

Dates 1070

Origin France

Historical Significance: Grand aerial view set to be on the pilgrimage route to Santiago de Compostela and accommodate its travelers

Last judgement

Artist:  Unknown

Period Romanesque

Dates 1120

Origin Autun France

Historical Significance: Made to scare sinners to the church God presides over the separation of the blessed and the damned 

Saint Denis

Artist:  Abbot Suger

Period Early Gothic

Dates 1140

Origin France

Historical Significance: Marked the beginning of gothic architecture, Ribvaults, slender columns, and stained-glass windows

Notre- Dame

Artist:  Unknown

Period High Gothic

Dates 1225

Origin Paris

Historical Significance: First use of the flying buttress on the grand scale of Cathedral to counter the thrust of nave vaults and walls

Rottgen Pieta

Artist:  Unknown

Period Late gothic

Dates 1300

Origin Rhineland Germany

Historical Significance: church sculpture showing Mary holding a dead Christ in her lap to show the suffering and grief of Mary and Chirst’s followers. Shows human body in motion