13.3 full story

The War of Morocco: The Spanish area had no economic value and the most violent tribes (Kabyles) were there. This area is known as Rif (rifeñas.En tribes beginning, when the conquest, the army was supported by businessmen and miners who thought they could have minerals, but not having anything they withdrew support / / They had no support, nor the companies or of popular classes or political político.Los asked the military to avoid any clashes / / During the World War years, the area was very quiet because France participated in it. When the war became the French intervention the area and Spain decided to resume its operations. They succeeded in Ceuta and Tetouan, but in the eastern part of Kabyles offer much more resistance / / Annual Disaster: (It was a military defeat to the Spanish riferñas tribes led by Ab-el-Krim near the Moroccan city of Annual, 1921) In 1921, General Silvestre began a campaign to win control of the area was coming to Melilla.Cuando Melilla, Rif tribes led by Abd el-Krim attacked the Spanish because of Annual and the army escaped, the flight was a cliff and killed almost everyone to “target shooting” / / lost all the conquered territory and there were 13,000 casualties. This situation had placed political implications for Spain / / This Annual disaster had several consequences: – The press and the opposition blamed the government and army, which further alienated the army of politicians-The government resigned and began a research process to purge the military and political responsibilities. To do this in the Cortes was appointed a commission to prepare a report, “The file Picasso“(On the mainland there were criticisms x lo k se established a Commission headed by General Responsibilities Picasso, k k compile a dossier various military commanders and General Berenguer was accused of negligence, even splashing King AlfonsoXIII) The Army opposed the research because it could derive the responsibilities of military commanders even affecting the king himself, Alfonso XIII. General Silvestre was a friend of the king and was said to have organized this campaign he had been led by King-The Socialists and the Republicans demanded drastic action was taken against the king and the army-The Annual disaster became a source of political crisis and the debate about the responsibilities carried out for a military coup. The file was never read in the Courts because days before submission, General Miguel Primo de Rivera led a military coup.

2.La policy of the dictatorship and the international context: On 13 September 1923, the captain general of Catalonia, Miguel Primo de Rivera, made a coup and ruled against the constitution, declared martial law and demanded that power passed into the hands of dictatorship militares.La lasted 7 years (1923-1930) and had two stages: – Military Directory (1923-1925). It was an interim regime to resolve the outstanding issues (social unrest and war for Annual World) .- D irectory civil (1925-1930). Most of its members were civilians. They sought the institutionalization of the regime and showed greater interest in economic and social aspects. 2.1. The causes of the coup d’etat the justification of the coup was the consideration that the constitutional system was blocked and discredited, and there was a danger of social unrest.– Primo inaugural presented a manifesto in which he announced his desire to rid the country of chiefs, ending political corruption, social indiscipline and also with threats to national unity. Indiscipline was aroused by the unions and the labor movement. – He had the pleasure of the king as they both wanted to avoid the responsibilities that could be derived from the disaster of Annual. – I wanted to prevent the democratization of the state since the last government proposed measures such as freedom of religion, reform of the Senate or the Electoral Law Reform. Not interested in a democratic state. 2.2. The reorganization of the State: The first steps of military directory (1923-1925) were the suspension of constitutional rule (constitucionde1876) ladisolucion of the courts and the political ban / / The militarized society and repressed the more radical workers movement (CNT ). Primo de Rivera claimed the power to rule on the basis of decrees, his. To eliminate warlordism, two statutes were developed: one local and one provincial. Were dissolved ayuntamientos.Se launching a new party, the Patriotic Union, which was an ideological agenda whose main objective was to provide social support to the dictatorship and follow its guidelines. / /Morocco’s war: from 1925 he initiated a policy of collaboration with France that included a coordinated military action in Alhucenas landing, which resulted in great success, Abd-el-Krim finally delivered in 1926. Since 1927 and the Spanish troops were terminating the occupation of the Protectorate / / During the civil Directory (1925-1930, the first attempt to institutionalize the regime for the creation of a National Consultative Assembly (formed in their 4 / 5 of x members of UP, elected by limited suffrage whose role was to advise and inform the dictator) in 1927. Peblicisto: Consultation on the proposal k soul undergoes a vote for or against