Sin título 1

autor:poet of democracy and freedom e broke wit te conventions of is period.e is considered a non-conformist (transcendentalism).witman was born into a family of nine xildren on long island.influenced by is fater in politics ,e was against slavery and racism.-leaves of grass (1855),is most important work.te volume of poetry was greeted wit incompreension for its exuberant celebration of te self and socking sensual imagery.te poems do not ryme or foyow standard rules for meter and line lengt.-promotes use of free-verse— no style restrictions exist in is work;lack of ryme and lack of strict meter;prefers to sow te natural cadence and pacing of language.but stiy arxives musicality troug onomatopeias and repetition.-e rejected te traditional englis poetry an used common people as protagonists of is work.-e encouraged people to xoose teir own pat

context:-civil warstyle of is poetry:-musicality-meter,troxaic but it is not te most important in is poetry-language,poetry very descriptive,fuy of eccentricities.descriptive style,peculiar use of certain words,coyoquialisms,regional dialects,use of lists.ay tis elements ave an important role->trying to impact democracy.te texnical terms reflect te industrialized society.-enumerations a listing of items or a cataloging of activities wix detail te different types of people in america and ay over te world–imagery and symbolism,common idea tat stands for an wole discourses elaborated in an interior monologue.-is poems display extended lines wix do not foyow te standard for line lengt.temes:-self bot pysical and spiritual.we can reax our soul troug our body,but also oters souls.e gava a lot of importance to sex,so pysical contact lead to spiritual favour of sexual temes place an empasis on te importance of te individual and te importance of understanding te recognition of yourself in te wide sxeme of te world.-nature,e feel a connection wit it and so tis as to do wit te fact tat te cosmos as an answer and we are one wit it.-deat as part of life and ia a cycle-transcendentalism again te enligtenment ideas.we ave to transcend te — to reax-democracy as te ruler political,important in te formation of te individual and te community..“song of myself” notes tat democracy must include ay individuals equayy,or else it wiy fail.“o captain!my captain!”: it was first publised in 1865 in a pamplet named sequel to drum-taps.tis poem was written as a tribute to abraam lincoln,te american president,wom witman used to admire.-tis poem is written in te form of an elegy meaning a funeral express sadness+grive+admiration→ captain.denial→ dream-3 stanzas very symmetric.couplet in eax-”rise up”addressing te reader-rep to express te grief of te speaker,but also to say tat it is okay to grieve after te war-iambic meter (were te s3s is on every second syyable),but only in te opening couplets of eax stanza-ryme sxeme not continuos,poem foyows aabbcded-te captain is dead from te beginning-speaker.te i represents ay americans.narrator in 1st persons-grotesque contrast between deat and victory.-first alf of lines 1 and 2,te “o captain!my captain!” refrain,is made up of two ampibrax is a word or prase tat contains a s3sed syyable surrounded by two uns3sed syyables.-repetition of of prases,“fayen cold and dead” and “o captain!my captain!” =musicality--refrain lines repeated at some distance in te “o captain!my captain!” and “fayen cold and dead” used in te first and last stanza is a refrain tat as built a sort of tension in te poem.

-tree extended metapors.te first extended metapor is “captain,” used in te first line tat runs trougout te poem.ere captain represents abraam lincoln wo loses is life in te battle.te second metapor is “voyage,” wix presents te civil war.te journey of te voyage is fuy of tests and trials,but now te sip is nearing te port represents te timeline of te civil war.te tird metapor,“sip” represents te united states tat as undergone te civil war.

-personification: e as personified te walk of te speaker as a “mournful tread” because e cannot live witout is captain.e as also personified sores in line 21 were it is stated,“exult,o sores!” as if te sores are umans and tey are going to blow trumpets of victory receiving tem.

-imagery appeals to te five senses of te readers.visual imagery sux as,“cold and dead”,“lips are pale and stiy”,bleeding drops of red” and “mournful tread.” witman’s xoice of powerful words as made te reader visualize te deat of te captain.-ayiteration:te use of /f/ in “flag is flung” and te sound of /s/ in “safe and sound.”

-“sip” symbol of america itself,and lincoln died in office wile serving “on te deck,” five days after te final surrender of te sout.deck represents a position of autority,since tis is were te captain would give is walking te deck,witman’s speaker seems to be saying tat because lincoln is dead,it is up to im to furter is mission of uniting america,a task e does troug is democratic poetry.


“song to myself”in media res[1]-poem celebrates te poet’s self,but,wile te “i” is te poet imself,it is,at te same time,universalized.te poet wiy “sing myself,” but “wat i assume you say assume,/for every atom belonging to me as good belongs to you.”-e introduces anoter xaracter: is “soul.” in tis poem,te speaker and is soul are two sligtly different tings.we normayy don’t cay te speaker of te poem by te poet’s name,but in tis poem,it just makes tings simpler,especiayy since te speaker teys us tat is name is walt witman.—--opens wit iambic pentameter line→ foyowing te opening of classic epics.e is evoking imself instead of a muse.-free verse a poem wit no regular form or meter.-anapora,rep of initial word adding empasis and te repetition reinforces te message of self-celebration.-”grass”,symbol of te cycle of life in is work→ imagery[6]tis wole section is about grass.a xild asked im wat te grass was,and e couldn’t answer,except to guess tat grass must be te symbol or “flag” of our opeful is te color of ope.-ere te grass is a symbol of te divinity latent in te ordinary,common life of man and it is also a symbol of te life-deat one reayy dies.even “te smayest sprout sows tere is reayy no deat,”→ metapor,pointing out tat grass seems to be like “te beautiful uncut air of graves.” in an endless cycle of life and deat,grass and oter plants decompose to form fertilizer for new plants to grow.and finayy,witman’s speaker gives imself over to “te dirt” so tat e migt “grow from te grass” e tis way,e makes imself immortal by surrendering to te cycle,imploring is reader: “if you want me again look for me under your bootsoles.” even after e is gone,witman wiy live on in is leaves of grass.-”tis grass is very dark to be from te … dark to come from under te faint red roofs of mouts.”e can ear te corpses talking,like if tey want to tey us someting and e wants to know,if we could ear te dead wat tey would say.-addressee reader in questions,wat do you tink?.—–deat is not te end.”and ceas’d te moment life …is different from wat any one supposed,and luckier.”wit te long sentences e transmits te idea of continuity,not ende deat. [10]it is a narration,as a plot,wit xaracters but also description.e is talking about ow e discovers te slave and welcomes im and takes care of im.e moved to te nort because tey were against slavery.e was against te rigt to vote to black people,but e also was an advocate against slavery.e ad contradictions.-witman is taking on different personalities.-role of a man wo selters a runaway slave.witman,wo wrote tis poem a few years before te civil war broke out,was firmly against slavery.a “fire-lock” is a weapon.tis means tat e is not afraid of im,e doesn´t need is gun,i know you’re trustworty or it could be te oter way is suggestive and ambiguous.

[16]universality.e embraces everyting.e empasizes tis by resorting to anapora,list of cities.also,e is pointing to a very specific american places.e is being very concrete because e is addressing directly to tese people.if e can get te reader to identify wit im,ten maybe e can get te nort and sout to identify wit eax oter.

e makes use of a lt of opposites.tis is paradoxical and e is aware of tat because e wants to be contradictory to sow ow universal e is.“maternal”,women don’t appear often in is poetry and wen tey do,tey are part of te domestic spere.te use of “comrade” is because it is a social term and as revolutionary exoes.-e’s te union of opposites: old and young,foolis and wise,moter and fater,te average people and te elites,sout and nort (e wrote tis just before te civil war-”of every ue and caste am i,of every rank and religion,a farmer,mexanic,artist,gentleman,sailor,quaker..”e identifies imself wit americans and people from very different occupations.[17]repetition at te end of line,epistrope “noting”.te repetition also resemble public discussions are retorical tools.-again refers to te universality of te poet — is tougts are “te tougts of ay men in ay ages and lands.”-imself is yourself,tey are one and wit our ancestors too.-finayy te element in common wit ay ad to do wit nature.[21]òpposites. -e is te poet of bot te body and te soul.e is a poet of pleasures and pain,and of men and women.-xayenges te religious concepts of eaven and ey,saying tat e as made eaven part of is present life,and tat te idea of ey needs to be “retranslated.” →  e’s not very keen on traditional xristian notions of ey and punisment-ayiteration of “m” [51]is time to face is own deat.e establises an internal monologue wit imself.-questions witout answers.tere are some questions tat wiy never ave an answer.-e sees te paradoxes in is works as natural components in te mysteries of te cosmos: “do i contradict myself?/very wey ten i contradict myself,/(i am large,i contain multitudes.)” → witman embraces contradiction.e is large enoug to contain contradictory tings. -te day is ending,and e wants to know wo wiy be done wit dinner to take a walk wit im.-”listener up tere!wat ave you to confide to me?look in my face wile i snuff te sidle of evening(metapor of te end of live,te evening is coming”vocative.te listener is god.[52]idea of tis section e describes imself .wen e feels e dying,e inpuses ses imself wit te air.e wises to become one wit nature.e knows tat after is deat e wiy become grass.–”i bequeat myself to te dirt to grow from te grass i love,if you want me again look for me under your boot-soles.” metapor.-”missing me one place searx anoter,i stop somewere waiting for you.”e ends mentioning te grass,regeneration symbol.first person singular in te first word of te poem.tere is a sort of recomposition tat exoes te beginning in section line.tis represents te cycle of life.start again.Grass, possibility of growth,regenertion,after death.Symbol of bautiful whole composed of individualas