Open society: people may do as they please, create your own social statues

Closed society: decisions are limited, dictatorial society for example north korea for them the internet is very restricted

Aversive racism:attitudes of a person who “tries to ignore the existence of black people, tries to avoid contact with them

Dominative racism: it’s a type of racism that divides races and causes the dominant to exploit the victims for example African American and whites

Scientific racism: is the belief that scientific evidence exists to justify racism. Practice of classifying people of different phenotypes or genotypes into races

De Facto segregation: racial, ethnic, or other segregation resulting from social differences between groups. (By fact) happens by fact rather than by legal requirements

De Jure segregation:segregation by law, Example: whites sit in the front and blacks in the back of the bus

Two-tired race system: is a system acknowledges only two classes of people: whites and non-whites

Three-tiered race system: creates three classes of people: whites, blacks, and others, where blacks are discriminated against, and everyone else is also discriminated

Vertical segregation:Division of labor that places men in managerial positions and women as the laborers below them

Horizontal segregation:Division of genders in the workplace between similar but separate jobs. A woman, for example, may sell makeup while a man sells power tools

Structural poverty:People are living in places with scarce resources. There is no hope of getting out.

Conjectural poverty:  forces of nature have resulted in poverty such as a hurricane. People can recoup and most likely rebuild Example: Puerto Rico hurricane, California wild fire

Social class:a large group of people who rank closely to one another in property, prestige, and power

Caste:people are born into a social status and cannot leave it

Slavery: is the act of someone always owns someone. Owning slaves

Serfdom: a slave that is required to give services to a lord

Indentured servitude:a term applied to someone who would be contracted to work for a master for a set amount of time in exchange for their passage to the colonies

Sexual division of labor: certain jobs are classified as female while others as male. Men responsible for more high risk items. • Women responsible for most of staple diet

Civilized labor policy: wages were based on the person’s race. Example: whites were always have higher payments and better economy statutes than African american

Native reserves: government owned land that has been set aside for the people who are originally from the country

Sharecropper:A farmer who raises crops for the owner of a piece of land and is paid a portion of the money from the sale of the crops

Tenant farmera farmer who works land owned by another and pays rent either in cash or in shares

Bacon’s rebellion: was an armed rebellion in 1676 by Virginia settlers led by Nathaniel Bacon against the rule of Governor William Berkely

Jacksonian Democracy:The idea of spreading political power to the people and ensuring majority rule as well as supporting the “common man”

Herrenvolk democracy: a system of government in which only the max ethnic group participates in government while the minority groups are disenfranchised

Calvinism: Set of beliefs and teachings of John Calvin or his followers indicate fate, the primacy of god, the supreme authority of the scriptures, and the irresistibility of grace

African Methodist Episcopal Church (AME): an important denomination from African-Americans, founded in 1816 by the ex-slave and preacher Richard Allen. It is noted for education and philanthropy in the black community

London Missionary Society: the home base of David Livingston. Framed in England in 1795. Was one of various deliberate remote evangelist social orders framed all through Western Europe

Abolitionism: the standard or arrangement of nullification, particularly of servitude of blacks in the US

Populism:The movement to increase farmers’ political power and to work for legislation in their interest

Plessy v. Ferguson: Supreme court case that violated the 14th amendment ; jim crow laws were set up because of this

Miscegenation: the interbreeding of people considered to be of different racial types

Cape coloureds: in South Africa, a person of mixed ethnic descent resident in the Western Cape Province, speaking Afrikaans or English.

Native Land Act of 1913: was an act of the parliament of South Africa that was aimed at regulating the acquisition of land. The act was an important part of the apartheid.

Bantustans: was territory set aside for the black inhabitants of South Africa and South West Africa as part of the policy of apartheid. “Bantu” means people

Apartheid: a policy or system of segregation or discrimination on groups on grounds of race. Example: South Africa when the Europeans came

Afrikaner nationalism: is a political ideology that was born in the late 19th century among Afrikaners in South Africa

. It was strongly influenced by anti-British sentiments that grow strong among the Afrikaners, especially because of the Boer wars.

African nationalism: is a political movement from the unification of Africa and for national self-determination

Disfranchisement: the state of being deprived of a right or privilege, especially the right to vote

14th Amendment to the US constitution: was adopted on July 9, 1868 as one of the reconstruction amendments. Addresses citizenship rights and equal protection of the laws and was proposed in response to issues related to former slaves following the American civil war.

Ghettos: a part of a city. Especially a slum area, occupied by a minority group or groups

Townships: a division of a country with some corporate powers. In South Africa a suburb or city of predominantly black occupation, formally officially designated for black occupation by apartheid legislation

Dixicrats:The term to describe white southern Democrats opposed to civil rights legislation

Mineral Revolution:A time when the British began mining for gold and diamonds and fought against the Africans and Afrikaners

Pluralism:the concept that each religion is indeed unique in itself and must be respected as the authentic way