TEORIA

We move from the acoustic level to the morpho-syntantic plane. That is, how meaning is created by means of the syntax and why some sentences are more artistic than others. 
Standard language: logical syntax /poetic language: rhythmical syntax. 

1. MORPHOSNTACTIC PLANE 
Dispositio and elocutio. Making up the text and organising the main ideas. What are the functions of morphology? Establishing categories where words can fit. If there are a lot of nouns: static text /if there are a lot verbs: dynamic text • What are the functions of syntax. 
Deviation and recurrence: how in a literary text there are phenomena of deviation or recurrence occurs in the sentence. Why an artistic text makes it deviate from the standard text. Recurrence: how some parts of the literary text are repeated in different parts. Thanks to recurrence 
(repetition) we’ll see which are the most important parts of the text. This is very relevant from rhetoric. I will repeat a stanza many times to make it clear. Repeating that is a deviation from standard speech because we don’t usually repeat patterns when speaking.
Enjambment: mismatch between metre and syntax- because of the metre I have to change syntax; continue the sentence in the following verse. When a sentence is interrupted at the end of the verse and continues in the following one, we have syntactic defamiliarization, because it draws out attention: 
2.FIGURES OF SPEECH 
3.FIGURES OF SPEECH: POSITION 
•Hyperbaton and Poetry: we normally see the order of the words is altered when we have a figure of position. 
•Hyperbaton and languages: Unlike English,Spanish is more likely to have figures of positions (we can omit the subject or verb or change the order).
4. COUPLING –> lo contrario al hiperbaton
coupling makes word associated. If hyperbaton breaks the syntagmatic words, coupling associates them. Coupling devices go beyond grammar mechanism. 
For a coupling to happen we must have two kind of equivalences: P/N
Sometimes the author couples the words because he wants to amplify the semantic connotations and we have to find that equivalence.
Coupling (emparejamiento) might be accidental: it is not recurrent. 
Poeticity must have some coupling but no extremely repetitive ones because it might be predictable: it loses aesthetic effect whereas if it’s accidental I don’t pay attention to it; it doesn’t produce any effect. relies in the middle of accidental and repetition. 
too repetitive it losses its poeticity because it becomes boring and if it is accidental it also losses poeticity. Poeticity is in the middle. The poem has to be perceived as a unit.  
Coupling is for creating an effect of unity. Thanks to the existence of equivalent positions, the terms and words evoke each other. 
Fusion of form/ content: Thanks to the form in which the poem is created, the content is transmitted in a specific way. Form transmits the content. Semantic equivalence relies on phonic equivalences, so I have to be aware. 
-Latent equivalences are revealed 
-Semantic equivalences rely on phonic equivalences 
5. ISOPTOPIES 
the image or the meaning that is evoked from the different parts of the discourse that are put together. Isos (mismo/ topo: lugar) – there is a semantic figure that is like the sea where all words finish. 
Is a redundant complex of semantic categories permitting a uniform reading of a narration resulting from the partial readings of the utterances and from the solution of their ambiguities which is guided by the unique reading.  
-The idea of a whole, I will create a uniform reading, I will disregard the partial meanings. 
-The solution of the different partial readings thanks to the cotext. To create a uniform reading. 
There are three kinds of isotopies: 
1.Phonoprosodic isotopies: the relationship between words thanks to the prosodic and phonic relations. (e.g. aliteration, It is also about rhythym (Prosodic), the words that are stressed can have similar meaning.  
2.Syntactic isotopies: These are semantic fields created by means of syntax, of the position of words. (e.g. ellypsys, parallelism, polisinteton, enumeration. 
3.Semantic isotopies: Created by the whole of words that mean the same. (e.g. words related to nature, love, death… ) 
Disregard secondary meanings to get a general idea of the whole. (e.g. the collage in te powerpoint) Any text is subject to different levels of codification, thanks to that a text can connot. Any connotation is born of a basic isotopy, and this one starts to acquire new contents. 
Depening on the context, the place where the isotopy appears, the connotation can be created. Isotopy is something that affects any level. 
Textual dynamization