literature

AFTERNOONS By Philip Larkin
The poem is about Larkin´s point of view of married woman. it started by setting the scene which is late autumn on afternoon in the recreation ground. the young mothers are watching their kids playing in a playground and on this Larkin concludes that marrying and having children young, lead to the mothers boring their identity and destiny. The poem established a difference between married women and husbands life. The women has a daily routine (typical dominated life), or a quite monotonous lifestyle while husbands are not always present as they are working (masculine skilled job).
RHYME: There is no rhyme scheme, but Larkin uses some words such as “bordering” and “lying” which have the same ending. This is because the women lie¡fe at that time was cut because of the arrival of their children.
RHYTHM: It has a reasonable steady Rhythm, it form reflects the unsatisfactory life of women at that time. 
TURNING POINT: In the 2nd stanza, it reflects the peaceful and calm life of husbands at home. There is another in the 3rd stanza, which describes other people around the women and appreciate all women leaving for their children.
VISUAL IMAGERY: “The leaves fall in ones and twos” Gives you the vision of how the leaves are falling alone or together from the nearly trees.
METAPHOR: “In the hollows of afternoons”  It refers to mother´s free time.
PERSONIFICATION: “The wind is running their courting places” It gives to the wind (something inanimate), a human or animal characteristic , in this case “running”.
ASSONANCE: “Leaves, Tress”-“Swing, Sandpit”-“Running, Courting” This words has the repetition of the same vowel sound, and are placed close together. 
ALLITERATION: “Fall, Ones, Twos”-“ Hollows, Afternoons”-“Mothers, Assemble”-“Intervals, Husbands, Trades” This words has the repetition of the same consonant sound, and are placed close together.

PLENTY BY ISOBEL DIXON
The poem is about the life and relationship between a mother and her five daughters. in the first six stanzas the poem talks about the poverty for which they suffer and gives examples to understand this, for example “our old enamel tub, age-stained and pocked upon its griffins claws, was never full”, this was because they had a lack of water. Their mother was worried about that her children didn’t have enough things. In the last two stanzas she is describing her actual life, which is more luxurious than before, where material things are not a problem, however, despite having more money, she missed her scattered sisters and mother.
RHYME: It does not present a Rhyme, because is reflecting the unsatisfactory life at that time. 
RHYTHM: Is fast up to the stanza number six, when the Rhythm changes because of a calmer life.
TURNING POINT: There is an obvious turning point at the beginning of the stanza number seven, with the word “now”. this indicates a change in the speaker´s life, from her childhood to the present day.
VISUAL IMAGERY: “Her lips stretched back and anchored down” Describes and gives the vision about her mother face (mouth) when shoo got angry.
SIMILE: “Like Mommy´s smile” Compared the smile
METAPHOR: “Her mouth a lid clamped hard on this” 
ALLITERATION: “She saw it always, snapping locks and straps” Stress of /s/ sound.
OZYMANDIAS BY PERCY BYSSHE SHELLEY
The poem is about a meeting between someone who has travelled to a place where ancient civilizations once existed and the speaker. Because of the tittle it is telling about Egypt. The poem talks about an old fragmented statue in the middle of the desert, Ozymandias, which is the king of kings, it seems it still alive but his kingdom is dead (there is only desert). it also seems he was arrogant. 
RHYME: A-B-A-B-A-C-D-C-E-D-E-F-E-F.
RHYTHM: Slow at the beginning, then it becomes faster as the writer talks about the description of the statue and at the end representing the way the statue surrounding is slow again.
TURNING POINT: There is a turning point where it said “nothing beside remains”, because first it talks about the statue itself but then it starts describing the environment around the old fragmented statue.
VISUAL IMAGERY: “Two vast and trunkless legs of stone” Describes and gives a vision of the statue and its shape, mainly the legs. The statue is big but incomplete.
METAPHOR: “Sneer of cold command” Talking about command but not literally cold, as in temperature, but cold in terms of humans emotion and empathy.
PERSONIFICATION: “The hand that mocked them, and the heart that fed” It gives to the hand and the heart (inanimate things), characteristics of humans or animals, like mocked and fed.
ASSONANCE: “Half sunk a shattered visage lies”This words has the repetition of the same vowel sound, and are placed close together.
ALLITERATION: “Stand, Desert, Sand”This words has the repetition of the same consonant sound, and are placed close together.

BLACKBERRY-PICKING BY PERCY BYSSHE SHELLEY
The poem is about a summer activity, blackberry-picking, that take place in Autumn when there is heavy rain and sun. This is a common child activity and the writer is remembering when he picked them, ate them and took them to home. Blackberry-picking seems in the first stanza as something which make the speaker happy but then in the second stanza it make it clear that the speaker felt sad and disappointed  when they discovered the berries got rotten. In the poem he talks about his childhood and he realizes as an adult how silly was that he kept the berries. 
RHYME: A-B-C-C-D-D-E-F-G-G-H-I-J-J-J-J
RHYTHM: Is fast up to the turning point, where as it becomes melancholic, the Rhythm becomes slower.
TURNING POINT: At the beginning of the second stanza. First he talks about how blackberry-picking made him happy but then when the berries got rotten he felt disappointed.
TASTE IMAGERY: “The sweet flesh would turn sour” Talks about the taste of the fruit and often it rots.
SIMILE: “Its flesh was sweet like thickened wine” Compare the taste of the flesh with the taste of a wine.
METAPHOR: “A glossy purple clot” It describes the clot.
PERSONIFICATION: “Big dark blobs burned like a plate of eyes” It gives the blobs (inanimated thing), a characteristic of a human or animal like burned.
ONOMATOPOEIA: “Until the tinkling bottom” Represent the sound of a bell.

DAFFODILS BY WILLIAM WORDSWORTH
The poem is about when the writer, Wordsworth, is in the natural environment he is describing, this makes him very happy. also, this gives him motivation and inspired him for his writing
RHYME: A-B-A-B-C-C
RHYTHM: The Rhythm in the first three stanzas is fast because it is describing the lovely environment of daffodils in an emotional way, but in the last stanza the Rhythm turns slow because he remembered the flowers and the annoying landscape.
TURNING POIN: There is a turning point in the last stanza, because he stops with the description of the natural environment, and goes on to say how he feel and how the natural environment of the daffodils which he described made him fool.
VISUAL IMAGERY:On my couch i lie” Gives you vision of him being on the couch.
SIMILE: “Lonely as a cloud”
METAPHOR: “Tossing their heads in sprightly dance” The flowers moved because of the wind.
PERSONIFICATION: “Fluttering and dancing in the breeze” Because it was saying that flowers were fluttering (like birds) and dancing (like humans)
ALLITERATION: “Continuous as the stars that shine” Stress of /s/ sound
ONOMATOPOEIA: “Twinkle” Sound of the star shining.