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Duplum,triplum,quadruplumA two voice organum was called an organum duplum, three voice organum is triplum and four voice is quadruplum Voices above tenor were likewise named in ascending order duplum, triplum and quadruplum Preotinus use organa for three or four voices.

Medieval Motet13th Century- polyphonic with tenor vocal workuse text from an existing discant clausula. It is in latin or French, sacred or secular text. Tenor melody are from chant or other melody.

RotaMedieval English polyphony two or more voices sing same melody and entering different times then repeat the melody until it stops

Ars Nova 14th century France use new rhythmic notation. Duple and triple note values,syncopation and rhythmic flexibility

Isorhythm Greek Means equal with repetition in a voice part usually the tenor part of a extended pattern of durations through a section or entire composition.

HocketMeans hiccup in French. 13th and 14th polyphony device that alternating rapidly between 2 voices each resting while the other singsas if a single melody is split between them

Formes fixesFixed forms use for poetic and musical repetition, featuring a refrain was used in late medieval and fifteenth century French chansons also the ballade, rondeau and virelai

Ars Subtilior

Style of polyphony from the late 14th till early 15th century in southern France and northern Italy, use extreme complexity in rhythm and notation

The RenaissanceThe rebirth between middle ages and baroque period. A revival of ancient culture and ideas and focus on individual, the world, and the scenes

HumanismA movement in Renaissance period that use Greek and Roman culture to study things relate to human knowledge and experience

Contenance Angloise  The characteristic of Early 15th century music English music . Use consonance with harmonic 3rd and 6th in parallel motion.

Faburden English improvised polyphony from middle ages to renaissance. A chant in middle voice join by upper voice moving parallel perfect fourth above and chant in parallel thirds below it then to 5th below for ending the phrase.

Renaissance Motet

Polyphonic Mass Cycle cycles of CHANTS for the MASS ORDINARY, consisting of one setting each of the KYRIE, GLORIA, SANCTUS, and AGNUS DEI (and sometimes also Ite, missa est); the POLYPHONIC MASS cycle of the fifteenth through seventeenth centuries; and the SONG CYCLE of the nineteenth century.

Cantus-Firmus Mass/Tenor Mass In Renaissance music, the cyclic mass was a setting of the Ordinary of the Roman Catholic Mass, in which each of the movements – Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, and Agnus Dei – shared a common musical theme, commonly a cantus firmus, thus making it a unified whole.

Double Mensuration Canon a musical canon in which the voices proceed simultaneously with the same subject at different speeds — called also prolation canon

A paraphrase mass is a musical setting of the Ordinary of the Mass that uses as its basis an elaborated version of a cantus firmus, typically chosen from plainsong or some other sacred source.

Reformation was the 16th-century religious, political, intellectual and cultural upheaval that splintered Catholic Europe, setting in place the structures and beliefs that would define the continent in the modern era.

Lutheran chorale is a musical setting of a Lutheran hymn, intended to be sung by a congregation in a German Protestant Church service. The typical four-part setting of a chorale, in which the sopranos (and the congregation) sing the melody along with three lower voices, is known as a chorale harmonization.

contrafactum (pl. contrafacta) is “the substitution of one text for another without substantial change to the music”.

Italian Madrigal A madrigal is a secular vocal music composition of the Renaissance and early Baroque eras. Traditionally, polyphonic madrigals are unaccompanied; the number of voices varies from two to eight, and most frequently from three to six

Madrigalism A term used to describe the illustrative devices used particularly in madrigals. This includes text painting, for example: changing the texture, tone, range, or volume to musically depict what the text is describing.See Madrigal choir and Madrigal.

The English Madrigal School was the brief but intense flowering of the musical madrigal in England, mostly from 1588 to 1627, along with the composers who produced them. The English madrigals were a cappella, predominantly light in style, and generally began as either copies or direct translations of Italian models.

The lute song was a generic form of music in the late Renaissance and very early Baroque eras, generally consisting of a singer accompanying himself on a lute, though lute songs may often have been performed by a singer and a separate lutenist.

pavane and galliard, were a forerunner of the instrumental dance suites of the 17th century, and pavanes appear in a few early suites

Intabulation, from the Italian word intavolatura, refers to an arrangement of a vocal or ensemble piece for keyboard, lute, or other plucked string instrument, written in tablature. … The exception is the 16th- and 17th-century Italian keyboard pieces which included both vocal and instrumental music.

variation is a formal technique where material is repeated in an altered form. The changes may involve melody, rhythm, harmony, counterpoint, timbre, orchestration or any combination of these.

Polychoral Motet In western music, a motet is a mainly vocal musical composition, of highly varied form and style, from the late medieval era to the present. The motet was one of the pre-eminent polyphonic forms of Renaissance music.