Examen


BADMINTON

Badminton is a racket sport played by either two opposing players (singles) or two opposing pairs (doubles).

The badminton court is rectangular and is divided by a net.

Players score points by hitting a shuttlecock with their racket so that it passes over the net and lands in the other side of the court.

Competitive badminton is best played indoors because shuttlecock is affected by wind. But badminton, as a casual recreational activity, can also be played outdoors.

Badminton has been an Olympic sport since 1992 (Barcelona).

 History

Games similar to badminton have existed throughout history, from ancient Greece to medieval Japan and colonial India, where a form of the game called “poona” was played.

In the 1860′s, British Army officers posted to India became interested in “poona” and took the game home to England, where the rules of badminton were set out.

  This new sport was definitely launched in 1873 at Badminton House, where the Duke of Beaufort introduced the game to his guests. The sport was then known as “The Game of Badminton” for a number of years, until the name was shortened to Badminton.

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 Badminton Equipment Rackets

Badminton rackets are light with top quality rackets weighting between 79 and 91 grams including the strings. The grip of the racket is very important because it allows a player to increase the thickness of his racket handle and choose a comfortable surface to hold.

Shuttlecocks

A shuttlecock (often abbreviated to shuttle and also commonly known as bird or birdie) is a projectile with an open conical shape.

Badminton court

Badminton is played on a court marked for both singles and doubles matches. The court is rectangular and divided into halves by a net. The doubles court is wider than the singles court, but both are the same length. The exception, which often causes to newer players, is that the doubles court has a shorter serve-length dimension.

The doubles court is 6,10 metres wide and 13,40 metres long.

     The singles court is a little smaller (5,18 m. wide and 13,40 m. long).

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The net is 1,55 m. high.

 Badminton rules

1. Scoring system: 3×21 rally point scoring system.

Before May 2006, players could only win a point on their own serve. But the scoring system was changed in 2006, and now players can earn a point on their own serve and also when their opponent serves.

Each game is played with 21 points (with a margin of at least two points), with players scoring a point whenever they win a rally, If the score reaches 20-all, then the game continues until one side gains a two point lead (such as 24-22), up to a maximum of 30 points (30-29 is a winning score).

A match is the best of three games. The first player who wins two games wins the match. 2. Service:

 At the start of the rally, the server and receiver stand in diagonally opposite service courts.

 The serve must travel diagonally to be good.

 The server must hit the birdie so that it passes over the net and the short service

line, and would land in the receiver’s service court.

 The server must hit the shuttle from below the waist.

 There is only one serve.

 In singles, the server stands:

- in his right service court when his score is even or 0. – in his left service court when his score is odd.

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 In doubles, if the serving side wins a rally, the same player continues serving, but he changes service courts so that he serves to each opponent in turn, If the opponents win the rally and their new score is even, the player in the right service court serves; if odd, the player in the left service court serves.

 The winners of the previous game serve first in the following one.

 The server and receiver must stand inside their respective service courts until the serve is made. The server can do deceptive movements to disconcert the opponent

(feints).

3. Playing the game

 The objective of the game is to hit the shuttlecock back and forth over a net without permitting it to hit the floor in bounds on your side of the net.

 The shuttlecock is not allowed to bounce on the floor.

 The rally continues until someone wins it by hitting a fault. Faults include:

- hitting the birdie into the net.

- hitting the shuttle outside the court.

- hitting the bird twice before it goes over the net. Each side may only strike the shuttlecock once before it passes back over the net.

- carrying the bird on the racket.

- it is also a fault if the shuttlecock hits the ceiling.

- touching the net with the racket or any part of the body during play.

- reaching over the net to hit the shuttlecock.

 Whoever wins the rally earns one point, an serves to start the next point.

 A birdie can hit the net on its way across during play and the rally can continue.

 The players change ends at the start of the second game; if the match reaches a

third game, they change ends both at the start of the game and when the leading

pair’s score reaches 11 points.

 All lines are considered in bounds.

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